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9-13 - I Ethnic groups in S Africa Afrikaners/Boers...

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I. Ethnic groups in S. Africa Afrikaners/Boers: descendents of Dutch settlers English Coloured: descendents of indigenous Khoi and San, European settlers, Africans and Malay slaves African: descendents of Bantu ethnic groups (Zulu, Tswana, Sotho, Xhosa) Indian: Descendents of indentured laborers
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II. Nature of pre-colonial African Societies Self-provisioning societies: Africans did not have to earn money (enter wage labor market) to sustain themselves Khoisan: cattle keeping, hunting, grazing
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Bantu speaking: cattle keeping—cattle supplied milk, meat, and skins and were a means of exchange
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Communal tenure: Land could not be bought and sold Rights to land came from membership in a clan, family grouping, or chiefdom Fertile land assigned to married men and cultivated by their wives Anyone with cattle could graze it on communal lands
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III. Conquest (1652) Dutch East India Company (VOC) was a commercial Trading Company that supplied meat and grains to ship captains and crews who used Cape port as a refreshment station between Europe and East Indies
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Slavery introduced into the Cape in 1657 b/c Khoi and San could not be induced to work for the settlers Slaves were imported from Malaysia and Angola
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VI. Conquest by British Colonialism VOC lost control of the Cape and ceded it to the British in 1806 1820: large scale migration of settlers from Britain to settle at the Cape
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