9-13 - I. Ethnic groups in S. Africa Afrikaners/Boers:...

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Unformatted text preview: I. Ethnic groups in S. Africa Afrikaners/Boers: descendents of Dutch settlers English Coloured: descendents of indigenous Khoi and San, European settlers, Africans and Malay slaves African: descendents of Bantu ethnic groups (Zulu, Tswana, Sotho, Xhosa) Indian: Descendents of indentured laborers II. Nature of pre-colonial African Societies Self-provisioning societies: Africans did not have to earn money (enter wage labor market) to sustain themselves Khoisan: cattle keeping, hunting, grazing Bantu speaking: cattle keepingcattle supplied milk, meat, and skins and were a means of exchange Communal tenure: Land could not be bought and sold Rights to land came from membership in a clan, family grouping, or chiefdom Fertile land assigned to married men and cultivated by their wives Anyone with cattle could graze it on communal lands III. Conquest (1652) Dutch East India Company (VOC) was a commercial Trading Company that supplied meat and grains to ship captains and crews who used Cape port as a refreshment station between Europe and East Indies Slavery introduced into the Cape in 1657 b/c Khoi and San could not be induced to work for the settlers Slaves were imported from Malaysia and Angola VI. Conquest by British Colonialism VOC lost control of the Cape and ceded it to the British in 1806 1820: large scale migration of settlers from Britain to settle at the Cape...
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9-13 - I. Ethnic groups in S. Africa Afrikaners/Boers:...

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