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9-20 - ANC Underground, Mandelas Arrest & Robben Island I....

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ANC Underground, Mandela’s Arrest & Robben Island
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I. ANC Underground A. Mandela has a secret hideout on a farm called Lilisleaf located in Rivonia not far from Johannesburg 1. pretends he is a houseboy/servant “David Motsamayi” whose job it is to take care of the house until the white owner returns
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B. Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation) [MK] 1. a new radical military organization (formed 1961) 2. symbol of the spear chosen b/c of its historical significance 3. mandate was to wage acts of violence against the state
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4. sabotage is their preferred method of violence b/c it did not involve loss of life & therefore offered the best hope for racial reconciliation in the post-apartheid era. Sabotage also required very little manpower
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“Strict instructions were given to members of MK that we would countenance no loss of life. But if sabotage did not produce the results we wanted, we were prepared to move on to the next stage: guerilla warfare and terrorism” (Mandela 1994: 283).
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2009 for the course SC 039 taught by Professor Magubane during the Fall '07 term at BC.

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9-20 - ANC Underground, Mandelas Arrest & Robben Island I....

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