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review page 4 - Yosemite National Park Became a national...

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Unformatted text preview: Yosemite National Park: Became a national park around 1890 in California, however, in 1864 congress passed the Yosemite Act because of the large number of breathtaking stories many authors wrote about. The government set aside large tracts of land as naure reserves. William F. Cody: Most commonly known as “Buffalo Bill”, was a former Pony Express rider, army scout, and famed buffalo hunter. He started and stared in “The Wild West Show” so everything could get a glimpse of the legendary West. He would hire 100’s of cowboys and Sioux Indians to perform battles. Homestead Act: Created in 1862, this act offered the first incentive to prospective white farmers. It offered 160 acres of public domain free to any settler willing to improve the land and live there for at least 5 years. It allowed for about 400,000 households to build farms for themselves. Agribusiness: In California farming as a business surpassed farming as a way of life and many different Anglos made rich by the Gold Rush took possession of the best farming land. They introduced the latest technologies, built dams and canals, and invested loads of money. General Land Revision Act: Widely supported by the Western farmers, this act was formed in 1891 and it gave the president the power to establish forest reserves to protect watershed against the threats posed by lumbering, overgrazing, and forest fires. Edmunds-Tucker Act: Passed in 1887 to abolish polygamy within the Mormon community. This act destroyed the temporal power of the Mormon Church by confiscating all assets over 50grand and establishing a federal commission to oversee all elections in the territory. Medicine Lodge Treaty: Created in 1867 this treaty assigned reservations in existing Indian Territory to Comanches, Plains Apaches, Kiowas, Cheyennes, and Arapahoes, bringing these tribes together with Sioux, Shoshones, and Bannocks. More than 100,000 people found themselves competing intensely for survival. Another way of the federal government reducing the size of land allotments for Indians. Cortina War: In 1859 a man named Juan (The Red Robber) of Rio Grande, Texas rounded up 60 followers and pillaged white-owned stores and killed four Anglos who had gone unpunished for murdering several Mexicans. This war marked the first of several sporadic rebellions. New South: Henry Woodfin Grady envisioned the south where modern textile mills operated efficiently and profitably, close to the sources of raw goods, the expansive fields of cotton, and the plentiful and cheap supply of labor, unrestricted by unions or by legal limitations on the employment of children. ...
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