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Unformatted text preview: Terence V. Powderly: Leader of The Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor, known as the Grand Master Workman, he believed that only by organizing widely would workers be able to achieve their emancipation from wage slavery. He brought together wage earners regardless of skill. Thomas Alva Edison: In 1876 he opened a laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey devoted to industrial research. In 1879 his research team invented an incandescent lamp that burned for more than 13 hrs. Electricity revolutionized both urban life and industry, it soon replaced steam as a major power source. Haymarket Square Incident: May 4th, 1886 a protest against police Violence towards strikers broke out in Chicago and someone threw a bomb that killed 1 policeman and left 7 others fatally wounded. Police responded by firing wildly into a crowd killing an equal number. Tuskegee Institute: Founded by Booker T. Washington in 1881 in Alabama, this provided an industrial education and moral uplift for over 1400 African Americans who attended. This college provided thirty different courses, such as special cooking classes for homemakers and domestic servants. Jay Gould: This man was coined in the press as “Worst Man in the World” because he acquired his wealth and power through shady deals and conspiracies. He was a railroad speculator and he paid off New York legislatures to finance expansion. While owning large railroad companies he cut wages, precipitated strikes, rigged elections, and bought leading newspapers. Robber barren. Knights of Labor: Formed in 1869 it endorsed: the restrictions of child labor, a graduated income tax, more land set aside for homesteading, the abolition of contract labor, and monetary reform to offset the power of the industrialists. It supported equality among gender and race but excluded Chinese from its organization. In 1886 there was nearly 3/: of a million members. Declines after the Haymarket Incident. Thorstein Veblen: An economist and social critic who criticized the rich for “conspicuous consumption”. He wrote about the wealthy, eccentric New Yorkers and their unnecessary, impractical spending ways. Frederick Law Olmsted: The nation’s premier landscape architect in the late 18905. He designed the Fenway Park system in Boston’s fashionable Back Bay district. Gospel of Wealth: A popular essay written in 1889 by Andrew Carnegie. This essay outlined his personal philosophy, explaining that “there is no genuine, praiseworthy success in life if you are not honest, truthful, and fair-dealing.” Chinese Exclusion Act: By 18705, white workers and proprietors of small businesses formed a racist anti—Chinese movement to protest “cheap Chinese labor” and to demand a halt to Chinese immigration When it got Violent, congress passed this act in 1882 that ...
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