APUSH Primary Reading #3.docx - Primary Reading...

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9/28/16 Primary Reading Assignment #3 Chapter 5 1. Albany Plan of Union: In mid-1754, the colonies came together and with the influence of Ben Franklin and Thomas Hutchinson, with this plan that included a Grand council of all the colonial assemblies and a head leader appointed by the crown. The significance of this is that although they did not use the plan, it would be a model for what they should do once they break away from Britain. It was a sign of how the colonists were not willing to come together just yet. 2. Acadians, Cajun: These were the people of Nova Scotia that 1713 were driven out of their homes after refusing to swear loyalty to Britain. Although they were sent to the colonies, most of them left to New Orleans escape persecution and were name Cajuns. 3. Seven Years War (French and Indian War): Beginning in 1754, this war was fought primarily between the French and British over control of much of North America. Although the French started off strong with the help of most Natives excluding the Iroquois, the British came back strong with the leadership of William Pit, and eventually drove the French out of North America with the Treaty of Paris. The significance of this is that the colonists now felt that they would be able to keep moving westward since they defeated France. But this just caused more conflict with Natives. 4. Neolin, Pontiac's uprising, and the Proclamation of 1763: Neolin was the religious prophet from Delaware that tried to convince Natives to rise against British control. In 1763 Pontiac led a group of Natives and sacked 8 British forts. The British eventually won the help of a smallpox epidemic that was intentional, but the caused King George III to create the Proclamation of 1763 that drew a line in the Americas that colonists were not supposed to pass. The land past this line was conceded to the Natives. 5. King George III: The newly appointed 22 year old king of England during the 7 years’ war who was ok with sharing power with parliament but did not have sympathy for the colonies. He believed that since the colonists benefited from the war, that it should be their responsibility to pay for it. 6. Writs of Assistance and James Otis: This allowed customs officers to enter and search buildings, ships, and homes if they are suspected of having smuggled goods from places other than British Trading Companies. Merchants of Boston hired James Otis to fight this law, his argument being that “and act against the constitution is void.” He lost the case in the end. 7. Sugar Act and Vice Admiralty Courts: This act was a renewal of the Molasses act of 1733 that even though it lowered the tax from 1733, it was more enforced using the Vice Admiralty Courts that gave trial to those accused but were not given a jury of their peers, making it unfair.
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8. George Greenville: The prime minister of England during the reign of King George III, and he promoted the Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Vice Admiralty Courts, and many other things concerning the taxes paid by the colonists of America.
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  • Fall '12
  • Frankenberg
  • Chapter 5-6

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