Almacenamiento gas LP.pdf - LPG storage systems atmospheric vs pressurised Peter Brook Foster Wheeler Energy Limited UK Gastech 2005 Introduction

Almacenamiento gas LP.pdf - LPG storage systems atmospheric...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 7 pages.

© Gastech 2005 Α LPG storage systems, atmospheric vs pressurised Peter Brook Foster Wheeler Energy Limited, UK
Image of page 1
© Gastech 2005 Chodorowska 2 Introduction Producers of LPG products have a variety of methods available for exporting their products. The method chosen is based on several factors, such as location of production facilities, total quantity of product to be exported, shipment or parcel sizes and customer requirements. Foster Wheeler has experience in the design and construction of all types of plants with facilities for LPG storage and loading. This paper discusses: The LPG market Atmospheric storage and loading systems Pressurised storage and loading systems Combination of both types of atmospheric and pressurised storage and loading at the same facility This paper examines LPG storage and loading facilities and the techniques that may be applied in evaluating various storage options to provide flexible storage and loading operations as part of the development of oil and gas facilities. The paper reviews the various storage types and the ship loading facilities required by oil and gas companies to maximise the flexibility of their operations . The paper also considers the safety aspects and challenges encountered in the design of large and complex storage systems to provide the multifunctional systems required. The design process produces various options, which need to be evaluated both from an economic and energy efficiency standpoint. These options are also considered against the operational complexity and degree of integration with the process involved. Increasingly, energy companies are looking to be able to supply any market from their facilities, via long-term contracts with regular ship movements and/or the ‘spot’ market. The LPG market (1) The global demand for LPG has steadily increased over the years, roughly doubling in size since 1985 when global demand was approximately 114 million tonnes. Demand is expected to grow in every region of the world. Traditionally, when discussing the LPG market, the world is divided into two regions: east of the Suez Canal and west of the Suez. In the past, the region east of Suez has been a net exporter of LPG to the region west of Suez. For a period, this trade direction has reversed, with east of Suez becoming a net importer, due to high Asian demand and the consumption of most of the Middle East’s production internally for petrochemicals production. Asia, which has typically sourced Middle Eastern LPG via term contracts, has had to find new LPG sources to replace Middle Eastern LPG, such as West Africa and Algeria. In overall terms, the USA is both the largest consumer and producer of LPG. Although LPG production is expected to grow in every region of the world, as major new projects come on-stream in the Middle East and Asia, the pendulum is expected to swing back, with east of Suez once again becoming a net exporter.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 7 pages?

  • Winter '17
  • l

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes