Chapter 11 Notes.docx - Did You Know Approximately 37 of...

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Did You Know? Approximately 37% of college students report that they have never engaged in vaginal intercourse. Approximately 50% of college students report that they did not use contraception the last time they had vaginal intercourse. In the United States, half of all the pregnancies are unplanned—about 3 million each year. Sexuality Sexuality is the biological, physical, emotional, and psychosocial aspect of sexual attraction and expression. Sexual Anatomy and Health Female Sexual Anatomy and Sexual Health Vulva: all of the female external organs, collectively; also called genitals. Mons pubis: the fatty, rounded areas of tissue in front of the pubic bone. Labia: two pairs (majora and minora) of fleshy lips surrounding and protecting the clitoris and the vaginal and urethral openings. Clitoris: an organ composed of spongy tissue and nerve endings that is very sensitive to sexual stimulation. Female Sexual Anatomy: Internal Vagina: the tube that connects a women’s external sex organs with her uterus. Uterus (womb): the pear-shaped organ where a growing fetus is nurtured. Ovaries: the two female reproductive organs where ova (eggs) reside. Menstrual cycle: a monthly physiological cycle marked by menstruation. Fallopian tubes: a pair of tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus. Preventive Care Girls should have their first gynecologic visit between ages 13 and 15 o A pelvic exam will most likely not be performed. Women should have their first pelvic exam and pap smear by age 21. o Most women younger than age 30 should receive cervical screening once every 2 years. o Most women age 30 and older can wait 3 years between pap smears. About half of all college-age women do not get screened regularly. Common Sexual Health Problems in Females Menstrual irregularities. Sexually transmitted infections. Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), commonly referred to as a yeast infection.
Male Sexual Anatomy and Sexual Health Penis: the male sexual and reproductive organ. Erection: the process of the penis filling up with blood as a result of sexual stimulation. Circumcision: the surgical removal of the foreskin. Scrotum: the skin sac at the base of the penis that contains the testes. Testes (testicles): the two reproductive glands that manufacture sperm. Epididymis: a coiled tube on top of each testicle where sperm are held until they mature. Vas deferens: a tube ascending from the epididymis that transports sperm. Accessory glands: glands (seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and Cowper’s gland) that lubricate the reproductive system and nourish sperm. Semen: male ejaculate consisting of sperm and other fluids from the accessory glands. Urethra: a duct that travels from the bladder through the shaft of the penis, carrying fluids to the outside of the body. Prostate gland: a walnut-sized gland that produces part of the semen. Common Sexual Health Problems in Males

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