Chapter 2 Notes.docx - More than 58 of college students...

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More than 58% of college students report having felt overwhelming anxiety at some time within the past year.During the college years (late adolescence/young adulthood), the first symptoms of panic disorder, bipolar disorder, and OCD may begin to appear.More than 1 in 10 college students report being recently diagnosed with or treated for depression.The second leading cause of death among 15-24-year old’s is suicide.What is psychological health?A broad dimension of health and wellness that encompasses both mental and emotional health.Mental health: the “thinking” component of psychological health that allows you to perceive reality accurately and respond rationally and effectively.Emotional health: the “feeling” component of psychological health that influences your interpretation of and response to events.Ryff’s Facets of Psychological HealthSelf-Acceptance: holding a positive self-regardPurpose in life: A sense of directedness and intentionality, a feeling that life is meaningful.Positive relations: capable of empathy, affection, and intimacy.Autonomy: making informed, uncoerced decisions free from the norms of dominant culture.Personal growth: ability to continue to overcome new challenges and develop one’s potential.Environmental mastery: ability to choose or create suitable environments and to participate in significant activity outside oneself.Maslow’s Hierarchy of NeedsTier 1 (top): Self-actualizationoTruly fulfilling your potentialTier 2: Self-esteemoRespecting yourself and being respectedTier 3: Love and BelongingoGiving and receiving love; feeling a sense of belonging with othersTier 4: Safety and SecurityoProtection from harm by others or surroundingsTier 5 (bottom): Physiological NeedsoProviding for basic needs such as breathing, food, water, shelter, sleep, sexThe Role of Emotional Intelligence
The capacity to perceive, express, and reason accurately with emotion and emotional information.Four key abilities:oPerceive and express emotionoIncorporate emotion in thoughtoUnderstand and reason with emotionoRegulate emotion in oneself and othersThe Value of OptimismThe psychological tendency to have a positive interpretation of life’s events.Resiliency: the innate capacity to experience success and satisfaction following trauma or other stressors.Factors Affecting Psychological HealthFamily HistoryRejection, abuse, abandonment, shaming, and other stresses experienced in childhood could manifest in adulthood as mental disorders.In one study of college students, social support was identified as a significant factor in improving the psychological adjustment of students to college life.

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