PSY-101 Test Quest Bank.docx - I Psychology in Action Key Answer Page Type Learning Objective Level Type A=Applied C=Conceptual F=Factual

PSY-101 Test Quest Bank.docx - I Psychology in Action Key...

This preview shows page 1 out of 1116 pages.

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 1116 pages?

Unformatted text preview: I Psychology in Action Key: Answer, Page, Type, Learning Objective, Level Type A=Applied C=Conceptual F=Factual Level (1)=Easy; (2)=Moderate; (3)=Difficult LO=Learning Objective p=page MULTIPLE CHOICE Study Skills 1 What is a learning style? a the way a person takes in or absorbs information b a method of learning that people are generally born with c an approach to learning that is typically passed from generation to generation d a method of input selection that people unconsciously choose as their means of learning ANS: a, p. PIA-4, F, LO=PIA.1, (1) APA=1.1 2 Lee is taking Introductory Psychology for the very first time this semester. According to your textbook’s observations about learning styles, what should Lee do? a Lee should adapt to his teacher’s particular teaching style. Correct. The idea that we can simply adjust ourselves to how our teachers instruct is not really practical. b Lee should focus on what learning style works best for him and expect his teacher to adjust. c Lee should try to vary his study habits so that they are consistent with his own learning style. Incorrect. Knowing one’s own preferred learning style(s) can help you make use of the best study strategies. d Lee should change how he studies from chapter to chapter so that his brain is constantly stimulated in different ways. ANS: c, p. PIA-4, A, LO=PIA.1, (2) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 3 If you learn best by making charts and flashcards to help remember information, what type of study method are using? a visual method b verbal method c auditory method d action method ANS: a, p. PIA-5, F, LO=PIA.1, (2) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 4 Jose prefers to sit near the front of the class. He often studies with his friend Roberto and can be seen spending extra time in the psychology lab so as to fully understand the material. What study method is Jose using? a visual method b verbal method c auditory method Incorrect. Talking with another student may seem to be an auditory method, but it is more of an action method. d action method Correct. Studying with other students and sitting near the front are proven actions beneficial to performance. ANS: d, p. PIA-5, A, LO=PIA.1, (3) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 5 Karen prefers to take part in group discussions and listen to the professor talk about psychology. She even has digital recorder that she uses to tape the lecture. What style of study method does Karen prefer? a visual method b verbal method c auditory method Correct. Using a digital recorder is an excellent method for the auditory learner. d action method Incorrect. Group discussions may seem action-oriented, but tend to be more auditory in nature. ANS: c, p. PIA-5, A, LO=PIA.1, (2) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 6 Camilla’s best friend believes she should try a more hands-on, or action, approach to her studying. What study methods should Camilla use? a Camilla should practice spelling words or repeat facts that need to be remembered. b Camilla should act like she is making a speech about the material she has learned. c Camilla should visualize charts and diagrams in her mind as she is studying. Incorrect. Making charts is action-oriented, but not when it is done in one’s mind. d Camilla should sit near the front of the class and take notes by writing down key terms and charts that the instructor shows the class. Correct. Action study methods sometimes rely on physical proximity to the teacher. ANS: d, p. PIA-5, A, LO=PIA.1, (3) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 7 Thomas loves his astronomy class. He always prefers any chance to get out of the classroom and go to the observatory to actually apply those concepts that are taught. Thomas prefers what type of studying? a visual method Incorrect. Lab work may be visual, but not necessarily action-oriented. b verbal method c auditory method d action method Correct. Laboratory work is interactive and therefore a method of choice for actionoriented learners. ANS: d, p. PIA-5, A, LO=PIA.1, (2) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 8 “How do you eat an elephant? One bite at a time!” This funny little saying reminds you of the importance of: a using mnemonics. Incorrect. Mnemonics are memory strategies. They do not apply in this case. b procrastination, which is actually far more useful of a “skill” than it is given credit for. c using a calendar or a date book to manage your time. d breaking large tasks down into manageable pieces. Correct. This can be particularly useful when trying to complete a large paper or project. ANS: d, p. PIA-5, A, LO=PIA.2, (2) APA=5.1 9 Why is it important to build “play time” in to your overall study strategies? a Play time acts as a reinforcer for getting work done, and will help encourage you to keep moving forward with assignments or projects. Correct. By rewarding ourselves, we stay motivated to continue working. b There is only so much work you can do before you need an extended “decompression time.” c The play time helps us remember what we are working for. d Neuroimaging tests have proven that the more we play, the more receptive our brains become to learning new information. Incorrect. There is nothing in this section that supports this particular answer. ANS: a, p. PIA-6, C, LO=PIA.2, (3) APA=5.1 Mastering the Course Content 10 What is the first mistake people make in regard to reading a textbook? a Students don’t read the material prior to coming to class. b Students read their textbook like they would read any other recreational book or novel. c Students read too slowly, thus not allowing material to be remembered. d Students read too quickly, thus not allowing material to be remembered. ANS: a, p. PIA-6, F, LO=PIA.3, (1) APA=5.1 11 Kayla wants to become a clinical psychologist and hopes to start off her college career with an A in her introductory psychology class. What should Kayla always do prior to coming to class? a read the chapter in advance Correct. Reading material in advance is proven to influence effectiveness in the classroom. b review the chapter summary Incorrect. Reading the summary is helpful but not as effective as reading the entire chapter. c scan through the headings for each chapter d imagine what questions the instructor might ask that day ANS: a, p. PIA-6, A, LO=PIA.3, (1) APA=5.1 12 What is the second mistake people make in regard to reading a textbook? a Students don’t read the material prior to coming to class. b Students read their textbook like they would read a novel. c Students read too slowly, thus not allowing material to be remembered. d Students read too quickly and material is forgotten. ANS: b, p. PIA-7, F, LO=PIA.3, (1) APA=5.1 13 What is the S-Q-R-R-R or SQ3R? a a method of reviewing your notes after writing them b a method of reading your textbook so as to best remember material c a method of studying usually used the night prior to an exam d a method of highlighting material for maximum effectiveness ANS: b, p. PIA-7, F, LO=PIA.3, (1) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 14 What does SQ3R stand for? a Survey, Question, Remember, Recite, Remember b Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Recall/Review c Sentence, Question, Review, Recite, Recall d Sentence, Question, Read, Re-read, Re-re-read ANS: b, p. PIA-7, F, LO=PIA.3, (1) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 15 What is meant by Survey in the SQ3R? a To survey, you must look through the outline, objectives, questions, and any other material the author has deemed important. Correct. Surveying does not require in depth analysis yet it must include the entire chapter. b To survey, you must read the chapter summary and try to memorize it. Incorrect. You do not read the chapter or any part of it prior to surveying. Reading comes later. c To survey, you must read the chapter first then look through the outline and objectives. d To survey, you must think of a question, then look through the material to find the answer. ANS: a, p. PIA-7, C, LO=PIA.3, (2) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 16 Alexis is surveying material using the SQ3R approach. If she uses this method correctly: a Alexis will realize that surveying is considered more important than actually reading the material. b It will take considerably more time but will be well worth it. Incorrect. If it is taking a great deal of time, then you are not properly surveying the material. c It should take only a couple of minutes. Correct. Surveying is actually a brief task to initially acquaint the student with the material. d It may or may not help, since surveying is the least effective aspect of the SQ3R. ANS: c, p. PIA-7, A, LO=PIA.3, (3) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 17 What is meant by “Questioning” in the SQ3R? a You should try to come up with a question after reading the heading of a particular section. Correct. Questioning occurs as you see a heading to a section. Students can also rely on pre-designed questions found throughout the chapter. b You should try to come up with questions for each section after fully reading the chapter. c You should come up with questions after reading the particular section. Incorrect. Questions are developed before reading the section, not afterwards. d You should try to develop questions before beginning any reading of the chapter so as to determine what might be important. ANS: a, p. PIA-7, C, LO=PIA.3, (1) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 18 Your best friend asks you what the purpose of “Questioning” is in the SQ3R. What is the best answer to your friend’s question? a By developing a question, you are searching for an answer while reading. Correct. Asking questions causes students to seek out answers as they read. The text even periodically supplies questions to help the student. b By developing a question after reading the chapter, you are actively learning the material by “becoming the teacher.” Incorrect. Developing questions so as to be an active learner is effective, but waiting until after you have read the material is not. c By developing a question, you are trying to think of content the author has not considered. d By developing a question, you prepare yourself for possible questions on the test. ANS: a, p. PIA-7, A, LO=PIA.3, (3) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 19 According to the SQ3R, when you “Read” material, you: a are quickly reviewing that which you will read in greater depth later. b are answering the question you posed to yourself earlier. c are trying to come up with a question to recite at a later time. d are wasting your time unless you read and re-read your material at least twice. ANS: b, p. PIA-7, F, LO=PIA.3, (1) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 20 Maya is using the SQ3R to help her study. What should she do when reading the text? a Maya should highlight material as she goes. b She should take notes of everything she reads. Incorrect. Taking notes by writing down everything defeats the purpose of the SQ3R. c Maya should take notes by making an outline of the main points and terms. Correct. Effective note taking should focus on terminology and the main points of the material. d She should read and re-read every paragraph before moving on. ANS: c, p. PIA-7, A, LO=PIA.3, (2) APA=1.1; 1.3; 5.1 21 What does the section on SQ3R say about highlighting? a Highlighting only works if you use many different colored highlighters. b Highlighting only works if you highlight the definition as well as the term. c Highlighting only works if you highlight the example as well as the term and the definition. d Highlighting requires no real effort and shouldn’t be used. ANS: d, p. PIA-8, F, LO=PIA.3, (1) APA=5.1 22 According to one study in the chapter, how did students who wrote out notes after reading compare to students who simply highlighted material after reading? a Students who wrote out notes scored significantly higher on exams. Correct. Writing notes is an active means of learning. Highlighting is passive in nature and requires minimal cognitive effort. b Students who highlighted scored an average of one letter grade higher. c Students who did not read the text scored the same as those who did read the text. d Actually, taking notes and highlighting resulted in no difference. Incorrect. Students may believe that no difference in grades will occur, but in fact it does. ANS: a, p. PIA-8, F, LO=PIA.3, (2) APA=2.2; 5.1 23 What does the SQ3R say about “Reciting?” a You should recite the question out loud before reading each section. b You should recite the material out loud as you read it. c You should recite the material out loud in your own words when you finish the section. d You should recite the material out loud in your own words when you finish the chapter. ANS: c, p. PIA-8, F, LO=PIA.3, (1) APA=1.3; 5.1 24 What is the best way to use Reciting to your benefit? a Verbally explain a concept that you just learned to a friend. Correct. Having to explain a concept to a friend helps students realize the extent to which they truly understand the material. b Verbally read out loud your chapter whenever possible. Incorrect. Verbally speaking aloud the material whenever possible does not guarantee active learning. c Verbally recite your questions that you developed before starting a chapter. d Take the time to memorize what you have read so that you can recite it to yourself word for word during an exam. ANS: a, p. PIA-8, A, LO=PIA.3, (2) APA=5.1 25 According to the text and the SQ3R, when is the best time to recall or review material? a Once you have completed a sentence. b Once you have completed a section. c Once you have completed the chapter. d Once you have developed a question. ANS: c, p. PIA-8, F, LO=PIA.3, (1) APA=5.1 26 Tara has finished reading the chapter using the SQ3R method. What might she do to help her review the chapter? a Tara should take any of the practice quizzes found in the chapter. Correct. Practice quizzes are an excellent way to gauge how well one remembers what they have read. b She should read the first few pages of the chapter to see if she still remembers the material. Incorrect. Taking the chapter quizzes would be a more efficient way of determining the effectiveness of student memory. c Tara should try to write down as many concepts as she can remember without looking back in the chapter. d She should not review the material immediately because that can cause confusion and ultimately leads to forgetting. ANS: a, p. PIA-8, A, LO=PIA.3, (2) APA=1.3; 5.1 27 What is the fourth R that some researchers are adding to the SQ3R? a Relax b Relief c Realize d Reflect ANS: d, p. PIA-8, F, LO=PIA.3, (1) APA=1.3; 5.1 28 Some researchers are adding a fourth R to the SQ3R: Reflect. In this circumstance, what does Reflect mean? a To reflect means to try and think critically about what you have learned and how you can use it in your own life. Correct. Reflection allows the reader to visualize how the material can be put into action. b To reflect means to think about what the chapter has covered. Incorrect. Reflection is not as simple as focusing on recently read material. c To reflect means to try and understand why the author thought the material was important enough to include in the chapter. d To reflect means to think about what you have learned by quietly repeating the material to yourself, thus enhancing memory. ANS: a, p. PIA-8, C, LO=PIA.3, (2) APA=1.3; 5.1 29 Which of the following statements is true regarding PowerPoint slides? a They are as good as notes and should be distributed to students. b They are talking points but should still be distributed to students. c They are talking points only, and the really important information is often found in the instructor’s lecture. d They are, in effect, the actual lecture and should be relied upon whenever possible. ANS: c, p. PIA-9, C, LO=PIA.4, (1) APA=5.1 30 When taking notes while reading the chapter, you should: a write down as much as you possibly can straight from the text so as to avoid confusion. Incorrect. Attempting to write down all possible material is, by nature, confusing and detrimental. b write down the questions provided and then write down the answer provided. c write down the main points and vocabulary terms straight from the text to avoid confusion. d write down the main points and vocabulary terms in your own words. Correct. Writing in your own words is a form of active learning. Writing material verbatim requires minimal cognitive effort. ANS: d, p. PIA-9, C, LO=PIA.4, (2) APA=5.1 31 Writing notes in your own words instead of taking them straight from the text: a forces you to think about what you are reading. b slows the learning process and memory as well. c increases learning but only for visual learners. d increases learning but only for auditory learners. ANS: a, p. PIA-9, F, LO=PIA.4, (1) APA=5.1 32 What does the text say about taking notes during lecture without first having read the chapter? a Studies actually show that memory is more effective when actively writing down material heard for the first time. b Studies show that taking notes without first reading the chapter can be effective as long as you review your notes immediately after class. c Studies show that taking notes without first reading the chapter is still effective but only for auditory learners. d Not reading the chapter first is an extremely bad idea. ANS: d, p. PIA-9, F, LO=PIA.4, (1) APA=5.1 33 Why should you read the chapter first before coming to class? a You will know what is important and not important as you listen to the lecture. Correct. Students who have read information in advance can dissect its importance better than those who are only hearing it for the first time. b You only need to follow the PowerPoints instead of listening to the lecture. c You can highlight material and therefore not worry about the lecture. Incorrect. While some students highlight material as it is covered in lecture, the overall lecture still is an important part of the learning process. d Studies show that reading the material prior to coming to class does not increase learning or memory. ANS: a, p. PIA-9, C, LO=PIA.4, (2) APA=5.1 34 Hammond is doing poorly in his Introductory Psychology class. If he is going to take notes from lecture, what might he do? a He should listen to the entire lecture and then try to write down as many notes as he can remember. b He should work on taking notes like any other visual learner does during class. Incorrect. Taking notes alone will not automatically increase student performance. c He should ask the instructor if he can make a recording of the lecture and then write down notes from the tape later. Correct. Like the example at the beginning of the chapter, students can benefit from having an audio version of an instructor’s lecture. d He should take online classes. ANS: c, p. PIA-9, A, LO=PIA.4, (2) APA=5.1 Demonstrating Your Knowledge: Tests and Papers 35 What is the worst way to study for an exam? a cramming for the exam the night before b studying too far in advance, thus causing you to forget c studying lecture notes and notes taken while reading; this tends to confuse students when they study d studying with friends, as studies show they can confuse you more than assist you ANS: a, p. PIA-12, F, LO=PIA.5, (1) APA=5.1 36 Eduardo realizes that his Chemistry final is approaching fast. What is the worst thing he could do to prepare for the final? a wait until the night before to start his studying Correct. Cramming does not allow the necessary time for information to be processed into long-term memory. b start studying more than a week in advance, since this might cause him to forget important material c begin making flash cards; research suggests that flash cards should be made throughout the semester and not at the last minute d study with friends who use different study methods than Eduardo does, since research shows that this often results in confusion Incorrect. There is no research that shows studying with friends to be detrimental. ANS: a, p. PIA-12, A, LO=PIA.5, (2) APA=5.1 37 Which types of test questions sometimes work best with memorization? a applied test questions b factual test questions c conceptual test questions d essay questions ANS: b, p. PIA-12, C, LO=PIA.5, (2) AP...
View Full Document

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes