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Unformatted text preview: 1 Chapter One: Introduction to First Aide Care First Aid: is the temporary and immediate care given to a person who is injured or who suddenly becomes ill. The principle aims of first aid care are to: Recognize life-threatening situations Activate the EMS system Supply artificial ventilation and circulation when needed Control bleeding Care for other life-threatening conditions Minimize further injury and complications Prevent infection Make the victim as comfortable as possible General Procedures: Observe the accident scene as you approach it Keep yourself and others at the scene safe Gain access to the victim(s) and determine any immediate threats to life Provide basic life support Summon more advanced medical help if needed. Arranging for Medical Assistance 911, provide the dispatcher the exact location of the victim, the phone number where you can be reached, and any information about the victim that will help the dispatcher send appropriate personnel and equipment. If you are alone, you should provide rescue support to a child for two minutes before telephoning for help. Legal Aspects of First Aid The First Aiders duty can be legally defined as: The first aider should not interfere with the first aid being given by others. Should follow directions of a police officer and do what a reasonable first aider would do under the circumstances Should not force help on a victim who is unwilling to be treated unless the situation is life-threatening Once you have voluntarily started care, he or she should not leave the scene or stop the care until relieved by a qualified and responsible person who renders care at the same or a higher level. Should follow accepted and recognized first aid care procedures taught in texts Should respect the victims privacy and should disclose confidential information Any first aider involved with a victim at a crime should document and preserve evidence and should comply with state laws requiring the reporting of specific criminal incidents Duty to Act: means that there is a legal obligation to give aid or preform first aid care. It may exist in the following situations: When you have a preexisting responsibility; relationship between driver and passenger, or between parent and child When your employment requires it; park rangers, school teachers When first aid has begun; once you started, you must continue until you have done all you can Good Samaritan Laws: Laws that protect health care personnel and provide guidelines for care....
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course KIN 125 taught by Professor Raymond during the Fall '07 term at Michigan State University.
- Fall '07