iss exam 3 - Race and Inequality 17/03/2008 08:02:00 A....

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Unformatted text preview: Race and Inequality 17/03/2008 08:02:00 A. WHAT IS RACE? Social creation of arbitrary grouping of individuals in a society based on the color of their skin B. RACES AROUND THE GLOBE White : different countries change definition of what qualifies as white Black: Asian : not a race but rather a region C. RACES IN THE U.S. AND FUTURE TRENDS Future Trend o Race 1980 1990 2000 o Ethnicity % % % o White 79.8 75.6 69.1 o Black 11.5 11.7 12.1 o Hispanic 6.4 9.0 12.5 o Asian 1.6 2.8 3.7 o Native .6 .7 .7 o Other .1 .1 1.8 Low fertility of white Americans has caused the decrease in population Economic and Political Implications on Population o Different food choices (Chinese, Mexican, Indian, etc.) o 50% of minorities are in government positions D. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Early Encounter with Natives o Ethnocentrism: when you use your standards of judgment and make a judgment of other cultures, assuming yours is superior o Labeling of natives as savages, animalistic, and heathens o Cooperation and relative equality changed to domination o Acquisition of natives land o Native Indians pushed to reservations o Native Americans and their socioeconomic conditions Arrival of Blacks o Resistance from Native Americans o 1500-1850 o 1619 when a Dutch ship brought 20 Africans to Jamestown, Virginia o Need for plantation o 10 million Africans were sold in Africa but only half arrived alive o Labeling of blacks as savages and animalistic o Treatment by the masters was extremely cruel with no legal rights o Outlawed in 1808 but until 1850, 10% American families owned slaves Hispanics in America o In 1848 the United States conquered and bought the areas of Texas, California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado from Mexico o Most Mexicans, however, came to the U.S. in this century as farm labor o Other Hispanics include Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and a small percent from other Spanish speaking areas Economic Conditions o Worse than average white American o Asian Americans o Chinese o Filipinos o Indian and Pakistanis o Koreans o Japanese Immigration Act of 1990: By Bush government o Total quota was increased from 540,000 to 700,000 per year...
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iss exam 3 - Race and Inequality 17/03/2008 08:02:00 A....

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