U.S History 1302 Final Exam.pdf - yalta agreement meeting...

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yalta agreement meeting of british prime minister Winston Churchill, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin, and US president FDR; held as WWII was settling down cold war the tense relationship between US and the Soviet Union (post WWII policy between the two failed) 1947-1991 containment cold war policy of standing up to Soviet and not put up with hostility prevent spread of communism Truman doctrine principle that the US should give support to countries threatened by Soviet forces or communists first expressed by Truman in 1947 to congress seeking aid for Greece and Turkey $4 million military economic aid Crisis in Greece 1947- fight between royalists and communists British could no longer support monarchs therefore vulnerable to communism Marshall plan give $11 billion (or 17) to Europe to help economy in 1951 European economy succeeds again NATO 1949- North Atlantic Treaty Organization final phase of containment assures US would protect from attack attack one, fight all Warsaw Pact Soviet retaliation; in case of war, all soviets cooperate; Russians in charge loss of china Khang brought power to South and pushed Mao (North) out communists made alliance Mao invades Manchurian and Russia captures China Stalin provides for Mao and Americans for Khang Khang nationalists collapse in 1949 vanona project broke Japanese and German codes and Soviet intelligence codes; found out paying money to people of US government
Dean Acheson member of national security council and adviser to president. Makes speech to stop spread of communism Korean War Japanes invade Korea and US sends Soviet Russia to help occupy North Korea and never left South Korea has weak military and North can use roads. McArthur invades North Korea and they collapse NSC- 68 Defines the conflict no end to communist threat urged US to make program of rebuilding west declassified accidentally formally defines world's problems halting communism McCarthyism a campaign against alleged communists in the US government and other institutions carried out under Senator Joseph McCarthy teleision comes out mid 40's but only a few hours a day begins to compete and upper middle class is getting a TV

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