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yalta agreementmeeting of british prime minister WinstonChurchill, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin, and USpresident FDR; held as WWII was settling downcold warthe tense relationship between US andthe Soviet Union (post WWII policybetween the two failed) 1947-1991containmentcold war policy of standing up to Sovietand not put up with hostility prevent spread of communismTruman doctrineprinciple that the US should give support to countries threatenedby Soviet forces or communists first expressed by Truman in 1947 to congress seeking aid forGreece and Turkey $4 million military economic aidCrisis in Greece1947- fight between royalists and communists British could no longer support monarchstherefore vulnerable to communismMarshall plangive $11 billion (or 17) to Europe to helpeconomy in 1951 European economy succeeds againNATO1949- North Atlantic Treaty Organization final phase of containment assures US would protect from attack attack one, fight allWarsaw PactSoviet retaliation; in case of war, allsoviets cooperate; Russians in chargeloss of chinaKhang brought power to South and pushed Mao (North) out communists made alliance Mao invades Manchurian and Russia captures China Stalin provides for Mao and Americans for Khang Khang nationalists collapse in 1949vanona projectbroke Japanese and German codes andSoviet intelligence codes; found out payingmoney to people of US government
Dean Achesonmember of national security council andadviser to president. Makes speech tostop spread of communismKorean WarJapanes invade Korea and US sends Soviet Russia tohelp occupy North Korea and never left South Korea has weak military and North can use roads. McArthur invades North Korea and they collapseNSC- 68 Defines the conflictno end to communist threat urged US to make program of rebuilding west declassified accidentally formally defines world's problems halting communismMcCarthyisma campaign against alleged communists inthe US government and other institutionscarried out under Senator Joseph McCarthyteleisioncomes out mid 40's but only a few hours a day begins to compete and upper middle class is gettinga TV