Week 1 Vocabulary Graphic Organizer (2).pdf

Week 1 Vocabulary Graphic Organizer (2).pdf - JAMIE YEATES...

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Unformatted text preview: JAMIE​ ​YEATES Week​ ​1​ ​Vocabulary​ ​Graphic​ ​Organizer Description​ ​of​ ​concept (in​ ​your​ ​own​ ​words) Hypothesis Variables Real-life​ ​example Science:​ ​A​ ​Way​ ​of​ ​Knowing My​ ​understanding​ ​of For​ ​example,​ ​if​ ​i​ ​am the​ ​hypothesis​ ​is​ ​that​ ​it trying​ ​a​ ​recipe​ ​with​ ​a is​ ​basically​ ​a​ ​person’s new​ ​ingredient​ ​I​ ​may guess​ ​of​ ​the​ ​outcome​ ​to ask​ ​the​ ​question​ ​if​ ​the something​ ​and​ ​is taste​ ​and​ ​outcome​ ​of usually​ ​phrased​ ​as​ ​a the​ ​recipe​ ​will​ ​remain question. the​ ​same​ ​or​ ​differ greatly.​ ​I​ ​would​ ​also form​ ​the question/hypothesis​ ​of “will​ ​the​ ​recipe​ ​be successful​ ​if​ ​altered by​ ​an​ ​added ingredient?” Variables​ ​are​ ​numbers ​ ​I​ ​remember​ ​variables or​ ​things​ ​unaccounted as​ ​x​ ​and​ ​y​ ​in​ ​math​ ​and for​ ​but​ ​possibly​ ​could variables​ ​being​ ​the be. unaccounted​ ​for​ ​in experiments. More​ ​information about​ ​concept​ ​(If appropriate: equation,​ ​how​ ​it connects​ ​to​ ​other vocabulary​ ​words, why​ ​it​ ​is​ ​important) “In​ ​science,​ ​a hypothesis​ ​is​ ​an​ ​idea​ ​or explanation​ ​that​ ​you then​ ​test​ ​through​ ​study and experimentation.”("Hy pothesis​ ​-​ ​Dictionary Definition") “The​ ​adjective​ ​variable is​ ​used​ ​to​ ​describe something​ ​that​ ​is​ ​liable to​ ​change​ ​often,​ ​such​ ​as the​ ​weather,​ ​interest rates,​ ​or​ ​your​ ​teacher's mood.”("Variable​ ​Dictionary​ ​Definition") Constant A​ ​constant​ ​is​ ​something Things​ ​that​ ​are that​ ​never​ ​changes. constants​ ​in​ ​my​ ​life are​ ​my​ ​love​ ​for​ ​my daughter,​ ​daily sunrise​ ​and​ ​sunsets, and​ ​the​ ​color​ ​of​ ​my skin​ ​because​ ​none​ ​of those​ ​can​ ​ever​ ​go away​ ​or​ ​change​ ​itself. Reproducible Reproducible​ ​is​ ​when things​ ​ ​or​ ​people​ ​can recreate​ ​themselves. An​ ​example​ ​of reproducible​ ​is​ ​plants, trees,​ ​people,​ ​and animals​ ​because​ ​all​ ​of these​ ​things​ ​produce​ ​a new​ ​form​ ​of​ ​itself through​ ​whatever reproduction​ ​process it​ ​may​ ​have. “Constant​ ​derives​ ​from Latin​ ​verb​ ​meaning​ ​"to stand​​ ​with,"​ ​so something​ ​constant​ ​is continually​ ​standing with​ ​you​ ​and​ ​not wavering.​ ​You​ ​may​ ​be thankful​ ​for​ ​the constant companionship​ ​of​ ​your dog​ ​but​ ​not​ ​necessarily for​ ​your​ ​teacher's constant​ ​homework assignments.​ ​In​ ​math and​ ​science,​ ​a​ ​constant is​ ​a​ ​number​ ​that​ ​is fixed​ ​and​ ​known, unlike​ ​a​ ​variable​ ​which changes​ ​with​ ​the context.​ ​That​ ​idea crosses​ ​over​ ​to​ ​real​ ​life. If​ ​a​ ​friend​ ​is​ ​a​ ​constant in​ ​your​ ​life,​ ​that​ ​means they​ ​have​ ​always​ ​been with​ ​you​ ​and​ ​there​ ​for you.”("Constant​ ​Dictionary​ ​Definition") “To​ ​produce​ ​is​ ​"to make​ ​something,"​ ​and re​ ​means​ ​“again,”​ ​so reproduce​ ​literally means​ ​to​ ​“produce again.”​ ​When​ ​animals and​ ​plants​ ​make​ ​more of​ ​their​ ​own​ ​kind,​ ​they reproduce.​ ​Plants reproduce​ ​asexually, and​ ​people​ ​reproduce through​ ​childbirth.​ ​You can​ ​also​ ​reproduce​ ​a book​ ​by​ ​printing​ ​more copies​ ​or​ ​a​ ​computer file​ ​by​ ​copying​ ​it. Reproducing​ ​always creates​ ​more​ ​of Pseudoscience Something​ ​acting​ ​as science. Examples​ ​of​ ​this​ ​are things​ ​that​ ​resemble science​ ​but​ ​are​ ​based on​ ​more​ ​spirituality type​ ​things​ ​than provable​ ​facts​ ​such​ ​as astrology​ ​and horoscopes. something.”("Reproduc e​ ​-​ ​Dictionary Definition") “Types: astrology​,​ ​star divination a​ ​pseudoscience claiming​ ​divination​ ​by the​ ​positions​ ​of​ ​the planets​ ​and​ ​sun​ ​and moon alchemy a​ ​pseudoscientific forerunner​ ​of​ ​chemistry in​ ​medieval​ ​times horoscopy the​ ​drawing​ ​up​ ​and interpretation​ ​of horoscopes Type​ ​of: fallacy​,​ ​false​ ​belief a​ ​misconception resulting​ ​from​ ​incorrect reasoning”("Pseudoscie nce​ ​-​ ​Dictionary Definition") Control​ ​Group A​ ​control​ ​group​ ​is​ ​a group​ ​that​ ​is​ ​already understood​ ​or​ ​is predictable​ ​in​ ​the​ ​way in​ ​operates​ ​which exemplifies​ ​control. Basic​ ​Research​ ​and Basic​ ​research​ ​means Applied​ ​Research that​ ​something​ ​is looked​ ​into​ ​to​ ​a​ ​basic extent​ ​whereas​ ​applied research​ ​is​ ​something​ ​a person​ ​is​ ​trying​ ​out​ ​for themselves​ ​by​ ​applying the​ ​steps​ ​or developments. A​ ​control​ ​group​ ​is often​ ​used​ ​in​ ​science experiments​ ​to​ ​display what​ ​the​ ​basics​ ​are. For​ ​example:​ ​If​ ​a student​ ​has​ ​an experiment​ ​inv​olving altering​ ​water​ ​they must​ ​include unaltered​ ​water​ ​as​ ​an example​ ​of​ ​controlled water​ ​unchanged​ ​or worked​ ​on. An​ ​example​ ​of​ ​basic research​ ​is​ ​if​ ​I​ ​were​ ​to try​ ​out​ ​different flavors​ ​of​ ​gum​ ​to​ ​test which​ ​ones​ ​taste accurate​ ​to​ ​their flavor.​ ​Research would​ ​be​ ​basic because​ ​I​ ​would simply​ ​test​ ​each​ ​make an​ ​observation​ ​for each​ ​and​ ​research would​ ​be​ ​concluded. Applied​ ​research means​ ​going​ ​beyond the​ ​basic​ ​ideas​ ​and applying​ ​new​ ​ones such​ ​as​ ​what​ ​would happen​ ​to​ ​these flavors​ ​if​ ​they​ ​were mixed​ ​together​ ​before being​ ​tasted.​ ​It​ ​would mean​ ​I​ ​take​ ​several sticks​ ​of​ ​gum​ ​and taste​ ​them​ ​all​ ​at​ ​once to​ ​see​ ​what​ ​new development​ ​occurred “(in​ ​an​ ​experiment​ ​or clinical​ ​trial)​ ​a​ ​group​ ​of subjects​ ​closely resembling​ ​the treatment​ ​group​ ​in many​ ​demographic variables​ ​but​ ​not receiving​ ​the​ ​active medication​ ​or​ ​factor under​ ​study​ ​and thereby​ ​serving​ ​as​ ​a comparison​ ​group when​ ​treatment​ ​results are​ ​evaluated.”("The Definition​ ​Of​ ​Control Group") “Applied​ ​research​ ​is one​ ​type​ ​of​ ​research that​ ​is​ ​used​ ​to​ ​answer​ ​a specific​ ​question​ ​that has​ ​direct​ ​applications to​ ​the​ ​world.​ ​This​ ​is​ ​the type​ ​of​ ​research​ ​that solves​ ​a​ ​problem.​ ​We will​ ​look​ ​at​ ​an​ ​example later. Basic​ ​research​ ​is another​ ​type​ ​of research,​ ​and​ ​it​ ​is driven​ ​purely​ ​by curiosity​ ​and​ ​a​ ​desire​ ​to expand​ ​our knowledge.”("Basic Research​ ​And​ ​Applied Research:​ ​Definitions And​ ​Differences​ ​Video​ ​&​ ​Lesson Transcript​ ​| Study.Com") Peer​ ​Review Scientific​ ​Method Experiment Peer​ ​review​ ​is​ ​when​ ​a trusted​ ​peer​ ​with​ ​a similar​ ​or​ ​more advanced​ ​outlook​ ​can overlook​ ​work​ ​for​ ​you and​ ​apply​ ​suggestions for​ ​improvements. when​ ​I​ ​applied​ ​my own​ ​research​ ​beyond the​ ​basics. ​ ​College​ ​students peer​ ​review​ ​others students​ ​work​ ​and provide​ ​revisions ideas​ ​and​ ​other constructive​ ​feedback. “Peer​ ​review​ ​is​ ​the evaluation​ ​of​ ​work​ ​by one​ ​or​ ​more​ ​people​ ​of similar​ ​competence​ ​to the​ ​producers​ ​of​ ​the work​ ​(​peers​).​ ​It constitutes​ ​a​ ​form​ ​of self-regulation​ ​by qualified​ ​members​ ​of​ ​a profession​ ​within​ ​the relevant​ ​field​.​ ​Peer review​ ​methods​ ​are employed​ ​to​ ​maintain standards​ ​of​ ​quality, improve​ ​performance, and​ ​provide credibility.”​ ​("Peer Review") The​ ​scientific​ ​method​ ​is The​ ​scientific​ ​method The​ ​scientific​ ​method what​ ​occurs​ ​commonly is​ ​applied​ ​to​ ​every is​ ​a​ ​body​ ​of​ ​techniques when​ ​people​ ​are science​ ​projects for​ ​investigating interested​ ​in​ ​examining because​ ​students​ ​rely phenomena​,​ ​acquiring something​ ​are on​ ​this​ ​technique​ ​or new​ ​knowledge​,​ ​or organizing​ ​ideas​ ​by method​ ​to​ ​organize correcting​ ​and developing​ ​hypothesis, investigations. integrating​ ​previous testing,​ ​and​ ​taking knowledge("Scientific results. Method") Experiment​ ​is​ ​basically An​ ​experiment​ ​is “An​ ​experiment​ ​is​ ​a the​ ​act​ ​of​ ​testing testing​ ​something procedure​ ​carried​ ​out​ ​to something​ ​in​ ​order​ ​to such​ ​as​ ​a​ ​new​ ​recipe, support,​ ​refute,​ ​or learn​ ​something​ ​from​ ​it. ingredient,​ ​product, validate​ ​a​ ​hypothesis​. techniques,​ ​and Experiments​ ​provide anything​ ​along​ ​the insight​ ​into lines.​ ​Even​ ​a​ ​person cause-and-effect​​ ​by dying​ ​their​ ​hair​ ​for​ ​the demonstrating​ ​what first​ ​time​ ​is outcome​ ​occurs​ ​when​ ​a conducting​ ​an particular​ ​factor​ ​is experiment. manipulated.”("Experi ment") The​ ​Ordered​ ​Universe Newton’s​ ​Laws​ ​of Motion Force,​ ​direction, movement,​ ​and​ ​velocity are​ ​all​ ​apart​ ​of Newton’s​ ​laws​ ​for motion​ ​and​ ​is​ ​basically an​ ​explanation​ ​of​ ​how motion​ ​worked. Examples​ ​of​ ​his​ ​laws of​ ​motion​ ​can​ ​be found​ ​in​ ​anything​ ​that offers​ ​movement​ ​such as​ ​a​ ​car,​ ​person walking,​ ​rain​ ​falling, ect. “Newton's​ ​laws​ ​of motion​ ​are​ ​three physical​ ​laws​​ ​that, together,​ ​laid​ ​the foundation​ ​for​ ​classical mechanics​.​ ​They describe​ ​the relationship​ ​between​ ​a body​ ​and​ ​the​ ​forces acting​ ​upon​ ​it,​ ​and​ ​its motion​​ ​in​ ​response​ ​to those​ ​forces.​ ​More precisely,​ ​the​ ​first​ ​law defines​ ​the​ ​force qualitatively,​ ​the second​ ​law​ ​offers​ ​a quantitative​ ​measure​ ​of the​ ​force,​ ​and​ ​the​ ​third asserts​ ​that​ ​a​ ​single isolated​ ​force​ ​doesn't exist.​ ​These​ ​three​ ​laws have​ ​been​ ​expressed​ ​in several​ ​different​ ​ways, over​ ​nearly​ ​three centuries.”("Newton's Laws​ ​Of​ ​Motion") “First​ ​Law:​ ​In​ ​an inertial​ ​frame​ ​of reference​,​ ​an​ ​object either​ ​remains​ ​at​ ​rest​ ​or continues​ ​to​ ​move​ ​at​ ​a constant​ ​velocity​, unless​ ​acted​ ​upon​ ​by​ ​a force Second​ ​Law:In​ ​an inertial​ ​reference frame,​ ​the​ ​vector​ ​sum of​ ​the​ ​forces​​ ​F​ ​on​ ​an object​ ​is​ ​equal​ ​to​ ​the mass​​ ​m​ ​of​ ​that​ ​object multiplied​ ​by​ ​the acceleration​​ ​a​ ​of​ ​the object:​ ​F​ ​=​ ​ma. Speed Speed​ ​is​ ​the​ ​term​ ​for how​ ​fast​ ​or​ ​slow​ ​a moving​ ​object​ ​is​ ​going, An​ ​example​ ​of​ ​speed can​ ​be​ ​found​ ​from​ ​a moving​ ​vehicle. Third​ ​law:When​ ​one body​ ​exerts​ ​a​ ​force​ ​on​ ​a second​ ​body,​ ​the second​ ​body simultaneously​ ​exerts​ ​a force​ ​equal​ ​in magnitude​ ​and​ ​opposite in​ ​direction​ ​on​ ​the​ ​first body.”("Newton's​ ​Laws Of​ ​Motion") Speed​ ​is​ ​distance traveled​ ​per​ ​unit​ ​of time.​ ​It​ ​is​ ​how​ ​fast​ ​an object​ ​is​ ​moving.​ ​Speed is​ ​the​ ​scalar​ ​quantity that​ ​is​ ​the​ ​magnitude​ ​of the​ ​velocity​​ ​vector.​ ​It doesn't​ ​have​ ​a direction.​ ​A​ ​higher speed​ ​means​ ​an​ ​object is​ ​moving​ ​faster.​ ​A lower​ ​speed​ ​means​ ​it​ ​is moving​ ​slower.​ ​If​ ​it isn't​ ​moving​ ​at​ ​all,​ ​it has​ ​zero​ ​speed.The most​ ​common​ ​way​ ​to calculate​ ​the​ ​constant velocity​ ​of​ ​an​ ​object moving​ ​in​ ​a​ ​straight line​ ​is​ ​the​ ​formula: r​ ​=​ ​d​ ​/​ ​t where ● r​ ​is​ ​the​ ​rate,​ ​or speed (sometimes denoted​ ​as​ ​v, for​ ​velocity,​ ​as in​ ​this kinematics article​) ● d​ ​is​ ​the​ ​distance moved ● t​ ​is​ ​the​ ​time​ ​it takes​ ​to complete​ ​the movement”("H ow​ ​Speed​ ​Is Actually Defined​ ​In Physics") Velocity Velocity​ ​is​ ​quite​ ​similar to​ ​speed​ ​because​ ​it's determining​ ​the​ ​rate​ ​of something. An​ ​example​ ​of velocity​ ​is​ ​if​ ​I​ ​am driving​ ​to​ ​a​ ​certain destination​ ​at​ ​a consistent​ ​rate​ ​per hour​ ​such​ ​as​ ​if​ ​I​ ​drove 70mph​ ​to​ ​reach Barstow​ ​in​ ​25​ ​minutes from​ ​Apple​ ​Valley. “The​ ​velocity​ ​of​ ​an object​ ​is​ ​the​ ​rate​ ​of change​​ ​of​ ​its​ ​position with​ ​respect​ ​to​ ​a​ ​frame of​ ​reference​,​ ​and​ ​is​ ​a function​ ​of​ ​time. Velocity​ ​is​ ​equivalent to​ ​a​ ​specification​ ​of​ ​its speed​​ ​and​ ​direction​ ​of motion​​ ​(e.g.​ ​60​ ​km/h​​ ​to the​ ​north).​ ​Velocity​ ​is an​ ​important​ ​concept​ ​in kinematics​,​ ​the​ ​branch of​ ​classical​ ​mechanics that​ ​describes​ ​the motion​ ​of bodies.”("Velocity") Acceleration Acceleration​ ​is​ ​the action​ ​of​ ​gaining​ ​speed. Acceleration​ ​can​ ​be found​ ​in​ ​vehicles, runners,​ ​and​ ​lots​ ​of things​ ​that​ ​have​ ​to build​ ​up​ ​movement and​ ​speed​ ​such​ ​as​ ​an airplane. “Acceleration,​ ​in physics​,​ ​is​ ​the​ ​rate​​ ​of change​ ​of​ ​velocity​​ ​of an​ ​object​ ​with​ ​respect to​ ​time.​ ​An​ ​object's acceleration​ ​is​ ​the​ ​net result​ ​of​ ​any​ ​and​ ​all forces​​ ​acting​ ​on​ ​the object,​ ​as​ ​described​ ​by Newton's​ ​Second Law​.​[1]​​ ​The​ ​SI​​ ​unit​ ​for acceleration​ ​is​ ​metre per​ ​second​ ​squared​​ ​(m s−2).​ ​Accelerations​ ​are vector​​ ​quantities​ ​(they have​ ​magnitude​​ ​and Uniform​ ​Motion Newton’s​ ​Law​ ​of Universal Gravitation Force direction​)​ ​and​ ​add according​ ​to​ ​the parallelogram law​.​[2]​[3]​​ ​As​ ​a​ ​vector​, the​ ​calculated​ ​net​ ​force is​ ​equal​ ​to​ ​the​ ​product of​ ​the​ ​object's​ ​mass​ ​(a scalar​​ ​quantity)​ ​and​ ​its acceleration.”("Acceler ation") I​ ​notice​ ​uniform ​ ​“Uniform​ ​motion​ ​is motion​ ​occurring​ ​in defined​ ​as​ ​the​ ​motion flocks​ ​of​ ​birds​ ​who of​ ​an​ ​object​ ​in​ ​which fly​ ​in​ ​large​ ​groups​ ​and the​ ​object​ ​travels​ ​in​ ​a despite​ ​the​ ​number straight​ ​line​ ​and​ ​its there​ ​are​ ​they​ ​fly​ ​in velocity​​ ​remains unison​ ​or​ ​uniform constant​ ​along​ ​that​ ​line motion. as​ ​it​ ​covers​ ​equal distances​ ​in​ ​equal intervals​ ​of​ ​time, irrespective​ ​of​ ​the length​ ​of​ ​the time.”("Uniform Motion​ ​And​ ​Non Uniform​ ​Motion​ ​Definition​ ​&​ ​Examples |​ ​Graphs") “Newton's​ ​law​ ​of universal​ ​gravitation states​ ​that​ ​a​ ​particle attracts​ ​every​ ​other particle​ ​in​ ​the​ ​universe using​ ​a​ ​force​​ ​that​ ​is directly​ ​proportional​​ ​to the​ ​product​ ​of​ ​their masses​ ​and​ ​inversely proportional​​ ​to​ ​the square​ ​of​ ​the​ ​distance between​ ​their centers.”("Newton's Law​ ​Of​ ​Universal Gravitation") “In​ ​physics​,​ ​a​ ​force​ ​is any​ ​interaction​ ​that, when​ ​unopposed,​ ​will Mass Mass​ ​is​ ​a​ ​form​ ​of measurement. Gravity Gravity​ ​is​ ​the​ ​cause​ ​for keeping​ ​things​ ​on​ ​earth in​ ​place​ ​and​ ​from​ ​being picked​ ​up​ ​into​ ​the atmosphere​ ​or​ ​moving without​ ​the​ ​objects taking​ ​any​ ​movement. Ptolemy’s​ ​Concept of​ ​Universe change​ ​the​ ​motion​​ ​of an​ ​object​.​[1]​​ ​A​ ​force can​ ​cause​ ​an​ ​object with​ ​mass​​ ​to​ ​change​ ​its velocity​​ ​(which includes​ ​to​ ​begin moving​ ​from​ ​a​ ​state​ ​of rest​),​ ​i.e.,​ ​to​ ​accelerate​. Force​ ​can​ ​also​ ​be described​ ​intuitively​ ​as a​ ​push​ ​or​ ​a​ ​pull.​ ​A force​ ​has​ ​both magnitude​​ ​and direction​,​ ​making​ ​it​ ​a vector​​ ​quantity.​ ​It​ ​is measured​ ​in​ ​the​ ​SI​ ​unit of​ ​newtons​​ ​and represented​ ​by​ ​the symbol​ ​F.”("Force") “In​ ​physics​,​ ​mass​ ​is “An​ ​object​ ​on​ ​the not​ ​the​ ​same​ ​as Moon​ ​would​ ​weigh​ ​less weight​,​ ​even​ ​though than​ ​it​ ​does​ ​on​ ​Earth mass​ ​is​ ​often because​ ​of​ ​the​ ​lower determined​ ​by gravity, ​but​ ​it​ ​would measuring​ ​the​ ​object's still​ ​have​ ​the​ ​same weight​ ​using​ ​a​ ​spring mass.​ ​This​ ​is​ ​because scale​,​ ​rather​ ​than weight​ ​is​ ​a​ ​force,​ ​while balance​ ​scale mass​ ​is​ ​the​ ​property comparing​ ​it​ ​directly that​ ​(along​ ​with with​ ​known gravity)​ ​determines​ ​the masses.”("Mass") strength​ ​of​ ​this force​.”​("Mass") Gravity​ ​can​ ​be​ ​seen “Gravity,​ ​or anytime​ ​something​ ​is gravitation,​ ​is​ ​a​ ​natural dropped​ ​or​ ​moved phenomenon​​ ​by​ ​which manually​ ​rather​ ​than all​ ​things​ ​with​ ​mass​​ ​are floating​ ​in​ ​air.​ ​If​ ​I​ ​was brought​ ​toward​ ​(or to​ ​drop​ ​a​ ​penny​ ​off​ ​of gravitate​ ​toward)​ ​one a​ ​roof​ ​it​ ​would​ f​ all another,​ ​including rather​ ​than​ ​float objects​​ ​ranging​ ​from because​ ​of​ ​the​ ​act​ ​of atoms​​ ​and​ ​photons​,​ ​to gravity. planets​​ ​and stars​.”("Gravity",​ ​2017) We​ ​can​ ​look​ ​up​ ​at​ ​the “The​ ​Ptolemaic​ ​model sun​ ​and​ ​moon​ ​and​ ​see accounted​ ​for​ ​the Copernicus’ Concept​ ​of Universe Ptolemy​ ​made​ ​an important​ ​observation when​ ​he​ ​realized​ ​the shapes​ ​to​ ​the​ ​planets and​ ​stars​ ​were​ ​all sphere​ ​shapes. a​ ​sphere​ ​shape​ ​clearly within​ ​them. Copernicus​ ​thought​ ​that the​ ​planets​ ​orbited​ ​the Sun,​ ​and​ ​that​ ​the​ ​Moon orbited​ ​Earth. The​ ​Sun,​ ​in​ ​the​ ​center of​ ​the​ ​universe,​ ​did not​ ​move,​ ​nor​ ​did​ ​the stars. apparent​ ​motions​ ​of​ ​the planets​ ​in​ ​a​ ​very​ ​direct way,​ ​by​ ​assuming​ ​that each​ ​planet​ ​moved​ ​on​ ​a small​ ​sphere​ ​or​ ​circle, called​ ​an​ ​epicycle,​ ​that moved​ ​on​ ​a​ ​larger sphere​ ​or​ ​circle,​ ​called a​ ​deferent.​ ​The​ ​stars,​ ​it was​ ​assumed,​ ​moved on​ ​a​ ​celestial​ ​sphere around​ ​the​ ​outside​ ​of the​ ​planetary spheres.”(Ptolemy) “Copernicus​ ​was correct​ ​about​ ​some things,​ ​but​ ​wrong​ ​about others.​ ​The​ ​Sun​ ​is​ ​not in​ ​the​ ​center​ ​of​ ​the universe,​ ​and​ ​it​ ​does move,​ ​as​ ​do​ ​the​ ​stars. Also,​ ​both​ ​Copernicus and​ ​Ptolemy​ ​thought the​ ​orbits​ ​of​ ​the​ ​planets were​ ​circular,​ ​but​ ​we now​ ​know​ ​they​ ​are elliptical.”(Copernicus) Resources: "Basic​ ​Research​ ​And​ ​Applied​ ​Research:​ ​Definitions​ ​And​ ​Differences​ ​-​ ​Video​ ​&​ ​Lesson Gravity.​ ​(2017,​ ​November​ ​03).​ ​Retrieved​ ​November​ ​06,​ ​2017,​ ​from Transcript​ ​|​ ​Study.Com."​ ​Study.com.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Experiment."​ ​En.wikipedia.org.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Pseudoscience​ ​-​ ​Dictionary​ ​Definition."​ ​Vocabulary.com.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Velocity."​ ​En.wikipedia.org.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017."Acceleration."​ ​En.wikipedia.org. "How​ ​Speed​ ​Is​ ​Actually​ ​Defined​ ​In​ ​Physics."​ ​ThoughtCo.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Hypothesis​ ​-​ ​Dictionary​ ​Definition."​ ​Vocabulary.com.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Laws​ ​Of​ ​Science."​ ​En.wikipedia.org.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​4​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Peer​ ​Review."​ ​En.wikipedia.org.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Reproduce​ ​-​ ​Dictionary​ ​Definition."​ ​Vocabulary.com.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Newton's​ ​Law​ ​Of​ ​Cooling."​ ​En.wikipedia.org.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​4​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Newton's​ ​Law​ ​Of​ ​Universal​ ​Gravitation."​ ​En.wikipedia.org.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. (n.d.).​ ​Retrieved​ ​November​ ​06,​ ​2017,​ ​from (n.d.).​ ​Retrieved​ ​November​ ​06,​ ​2017,​ ​from N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017"Force."​ ​En.wikipedia.org.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Scientific​ ​Method."​ ​En.wikipedia.org.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Uniform​ ​Motion​ ​And​ ​Non​ ​Uniform​ ​Motion​ ​-​ ​Definition​ ​&​ ​Examples​ ​|​ ​Graphs."​ ​Physics.​ ​N.p., 2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Variable​ ​-​ ​Dictionary​ ​Definition."​ ​Vocabulary.com.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017. "Velocity."​ ​En.wikipedia.org.​ ​N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017."Acceleration."​ ​En.wikipedia.org. N.p.,​ ​2017.​ ​Web.​ ​5​ ​Nov.​ ​2017 ...
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