History Essay #2 (word) - Kerciu 1 Kianna Kerciu Professor George Cooper HIST 1302 2 November 2017 The Sputnik Crisis The Soviet Union caught the

History Essay #2 (word) - Kerciu 1 Kianna Kerciu...

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Kerciu 1 Kianna Kerciu Professor George Cooper HIST 1302 2 November 2017 The Sputnik Crisis The Soviet Union caught the whole worlds’ attention on October 4, 1957 when they launched Sputnik 1. The breakthrough of space exploration and sending the first artificial satel- lite up to orbit around earth put the Soviet Union first in the “space race.” Across the United States people began to feel uneasy with the Soviet advancements, lacking a sense of security, prestige, and power. Charles Douglas Jackson wrote a memorandum to Henry Luce who owned Time magazine, suggesting how the United States needs to handle such an overwhelmingly im- portant event. The United States could not let the Soviet Union continue to one up them. The tiny satellite had such a powerful political and symbolic significance which is why Charles Jackson was so alarmed. This was the first time that they achieve a significant scientific advancement over the United States and though on the surface it was peaceful there were enor- mous military overtones. Thirty days leading up to the launch of Sputnik 1 the United States was victim to skillful warfare orchestration. It started with the arrival of Soviet jet airliner, then they announced successful testing of intercontinental ballistic missiles. Shortly after, Sputnik 1 was sent into space and the alarming feeling started to grow stronger in America. After releasing the satellite, another announcement was made that a hydrogen device would be set off “at great height.” As if that wasn't enough the Soviet Union decided on the fortieth anniversary they will launch a even bigger and better satellite. The Soviets making all of these breakthroughs where the United States either failed or had not attempted, added to the growing tension.

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