History Essay #2 (word).docx - Kerciu 1 Kianna Kerciu...

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Kerciu 1Kianna KerciuProfessor George CooperHIST 13022 November 2017The Sputnik CrisisThe Soviet Union caught the whole worlds’ attention on October 4, 1957 when theylaunched Sputnik 1. The breakthrough of space exploration and sending the first artificial satel-lite up to orbit around earth put the Soviet Union first in the “space race.” Across the UnitedStates people began to feel uneasy with the Soviet advancements, lacking a sense of security,prestige, and power. Charles Douglas Jackson wrote a memorandum to Henry Luce who ownedTime magazine, suggesting how the United States needs to handle such an overwhelmingly im-portant event. The United States could not let the Soviet Union continue to one up them.The tiny satellite had such a powerful political and symbolic significance which is whyCharles Jackson was so alarmed. This was the first time that they achieve a significant scientificadvancement over the United States and though on the surface it was peaceful there were enor-mous military overtones. Thirty days leading up to the launch of Sputnik 1 the United States wasvictim to skillful warfare orchestration. It started with the arrival of Soviet jet airliner, then theyannounced successful testing of intercontinental ballistic missiles. Shortly after, Sputnik 1 wassent into space and the alarming feeling started to grow stronger in America. After releasing thesatellite, another announcement was made that a hydrogen device would be set off “at greatheight.” As if that wasn't enough the Soviet Union decided on the fortieth anniversary they willlaunch a even bigger and better satellite. The Soviets making all of these breakthroughs wherethe United States either failed or had not attempted, added to the growing tension.

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