Module 1 homework.docx - 1 Describe the five steps of the...

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1. Describe the five steps of the scientific method and identify examples of each step. The first step in the scientific method is form a research question, followed by step two which is, state a hypothesis. Step three in the scientific method is to conduct a study designed to answer the question which is also followed by step four, analyze the data and draw conclusions about the question. Finally, the last step is to report the results that were found in the research. 2. Discuss are the four goals of Psychology. The first goal in psychology is to describe behavior and mental processes, followed by explanation, which is the second goal in psychology. The third goal in psychology is predict the behavior and mental processes which leads to the fourth goal, look for ways to control the behavior or mental processes. 3. Explain at least four short examples which would be ethical violations in research conducted with human and animals . Psychologists not minimizing an animals pain. Psychologists not using anesthesia when performing surgical procedures. Observing humans without their knowledge of permission. Acquiring animals without following federal, state, and local laws and regulations. 4. Explain at three types of research designs and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each. Descriptive is a type of research designs that is to create a snapshot of the current state of affairs. The advantages are that is give a complete picture of what is happening at the given time. The disadvantages are that the snapshot may be unethical if the participants is not aware they are being observes. Correlational is a type of research that assesses the relationships between two of more variables. The advantages are that the relationships can be tested and predictions can be made. The disadvantages are that the research cannot be used to draw assumptions about the casual relationships between the variables. Experimental is a type of research that assesses the causal impact of one or more experimental manipulations on a dependent variable. The advantage is that it allows the drawing of conclusions about the casual relationships among the variables. The disadvantage is that you cannot experimentally manipulate many important variables .
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