Lecture notes.docx - Italian Cinema Lecture...

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Italian Cinema Lecture notes -Pirandello – important figure that will be discussed - text context (relationship between both) context is not inside the text - divine comedy – goes upwards unlike tragedy that starts good and goes down hill Methodology: how to watch a film- how to read a critical text – what are ‘sources’ – context- intertextuality – ability to discuss and criticize Content: 12 films – history of Italian cinema: a summary – what critics and historians say- terms/cultural literacy Our Films Rome, Open City – Roberto Rossellini, 1945 (War-violence-Christianity- hope) Bicycle thieves – vittori de sica, 1948 (social injustice – father/son relationship) Bitter rice- Giuseppe de santis, 1949 (workers’ condition – popular culture) La strada – Federico fellini, 1954 (Human condition- suffering, fable, beyond neorealism) L’avventura – Michelangelo Antonioni, 1959 (existential anxiety) Mamma Roma- Pier Paolo Pasolini Eight and a half The leopard – 1963 (adaptation from a novel) The conformist – bernardo, 1970 (fascism – light and shadow) We loved each other so much, 1974 Stolen children, 1992 What is Neorealism? -importance of the context (what is “context” vs. “Text”?) some dates 1922: rise of fascism 1925: fascist regime founded 1939: world war 2 starts 1940: Italy joins the war (with axis) Axis is Germany, Japan, Italy 1943-44: crucial years; 10 July: allies land in Sicily
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25 July: fascist regime ends – Mussolini is arrested 8 September: armistice (German occupation starts) 5 June 1944: allies liberate Rome 25 April 1945: war ends in Italy September 19 th , 2017 Screening: Open City – released 1945 -takes place in Rome -based on experiences during Nazi times -movie begins with police invading a house looking for an Italian man (Francesco) -they end up torturing and killing Francesco, shot the priest in the head -character oriented; Manfredi, Pina, Don Pietro (also marina and the others) -constructed with all the characteristics of classic films -love saves everything -two-parts structure comedic elements climax – the pan(slapstick) -Pina introduced at the bakery (women with a strong will) -Don Pietro (surrounded by the kids) Unifying symbol in the film
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