Stewart Patrick- Good Enough Global Governance.pdf - Stewart Patrick Good Enough Global Governance-demand for intl coop is greater than ever bc of ec

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Unformatted text preview: Stewart​ ​Patrick-​ ​Good​ ​Enough​ ​Global​ ​Governance -demand​ ​for​ ​intl​ ​coop​ ​is​ ​greater​ ​than​ ​ever​ ​bc​ ​of​ ​ec​ ​interdep,​ ​env​ ​degrad,​ ​tech​ ​change, transnational​ ​threats;​ ​but,​ ​effective​ ​multilateral​ ​responses​ ​are​ ​increasingly​ ​occurring​ ​outside formal​ ​institutions -imp​ ​of​ ​legal​ ​treaties,​ ​UN​ ​is​ ​declining;​ ​states​ ​rely​ ​more​ ​on​ ​regional​ ​orgs,​ ​codes​ ​of​ ​conduct,​ ​and partnerships -Future​ ​trend:​ ​continued​ ​spread​ ​of​ ​unattractive​ ​but​ ​adaptable​ ​multilateral​ ​sprawl→​ ​partial​ ​intl coop -global​ ​governance:​ ​collective​ ​effort​ ​by​ ​states,​ ​intl​ ​orgs​ ​and​ ​other​ ​nonstate​ ​actors​ ​to​ ​address common​ ​challenges​ ​and​ ​seize​ ​transborder​ ​ops​ ​(ambiguous​ ​and​ ​complex,​ ​there​ ​is​ ​some hierarchy​ ​bc​ ​coop​ ​under​ ​anarchy​ ​is​ ​certainly​ ​impossible​ ​but​ ​there’s​ ​still​ ​a​ ​lack​ ​of​ ​real​ ​pwr​ ​to enforce) ● All​ ​in​ ​all,​ ​a​ ​patchwork​ ​of​ ​formal​ ​and​ ​informal​ ​institutions,​ ​and​ ​while​ ​this​ ​has disadvantages,​ ​on​ ​the​ ​other​ ​hand,​ ​no​ ​single​ ​power​ ​could​ ​handle​ ​all​ ​the​ ​world’s transnational​ ​problems -states​ ​are​ ​still​ ​the​ ​dominant​ ​actors,​ ​but​ ​nonstate​ ​actors​ ​pwr​ ​inc -centerpiece​ ​remains​ ​UN​ ​and​ ​Security​ ​Council​ ​(largely​ ​disappoints​ ​bc​ ​five​ ​permanent​ ​members often​ ​disagree​ ​and​ ​veto​ ​pwr​ ​blocks​ ​action;​ ​a​ ​lot​ ​of​ ​bureaucracy​ ​with​ ​the​ ​General​ ​Assembly​ ​too) ● Dissatisfied​ ​players​ ​could​ ​launch​ ​an​ ​all-out​ ​pol​ ​assault​ ​on​ ​the​ ​opaque​ ​institution -fluctuation​ ​positions​ ​of​ ​BRICS​ ​emerging​ ​as​ ​an​ ​independent​ ​caucus​ ​(only​ ​helping​ ​regions​ ​they see​ ​as​ ​priorities) ● Differences​ ​in​ ​internal​ ​regimes​ ​and​ ​conflicting​ ​ec​ ​interests​ ​constraint​ ​coop -what​ ​really​ ​marks​ ​the​ ​contemporary​ ​era​ ​is​ ​not​ ​the​ ​absence​ ​of​ ​multilateralism​ ​but​ ​the​ ​diversity ● No​ ​longer​ ​just​ ​G-20​ ​(G-X);​ ​govs​ ​operating​ ​in​ ​many​ ​venues​ ​simultaneously,​ ​participating in​ ​many​ ​networks -when​ ​it​ ​comes​ ​to​ ​multilateralism,​ ​bigger​ ​is​ ​rarely​ ​better;​ ​era​ ​of​ ​mega-conference​ ​is​ ​ending​ ​as major​ ​pwrs​ ​recognize​ ​the​ ​futility​ ​of​ ​negotiating​ ​intl​ ​agreements​ ​among​ ​all​ ​193​ ​UN​ ​member states ● Action​ ​shifts​ ​to​ ​less​ ​formal​ ​settings​ ​and​ ​narrower​ ​groupings​ ​of​ ​the​ ​relevant​ ​and​ ​capable, states​ ​pledge​ ​to​ ​take​ ​domestic​ ​actions​ ​for​ ​collective​ ​review​ ​(seek​ ​to​ ​solve​ ​big​ ​issues​ ​in incremental​ ​and​ ​disaggregated​ ​ways)​ ​this​ ​is​ ​happening​ ​in​ ​climate​ ​change,​ ​world​ ​health.. -regional​ ​orgs​ ​also​ ​relevant. ● benefits:Regional​ ​bodies​ ​are​ ​more​ ​familiar​ ​with​ ​underlying​ ​source​ ​of​ ​local​ ​conflicts​ ​(more sensitive​ ​and​ ​invested​ ​in​ ​solutions) ● Still​ ​in​ ​no​ ​position​ ​to​ ​replace​ ​UN​ ​bc​ ​they​ ​vary​ ​widely​ ​in​ ​their​ ​aspirations,​ ​capabilities, acts,​ ​vulnerable​ ​to​ ​the​ ​same​ ​coll-action​ ​problems​ ​the​ ​UN​ ​faces,​ ​members​ ​are​ ​often tempted​ ​to​ ​free-ride​ ​and​ ​regional​ ​ambitions​ ​may​ ​lead​ ​to​ ​pwr​ ​conflicts,​ ​burden​ ​sharing→ burden​ ​shifting -problems​ ​in​ ​the​ ​commons​ ​(esp​ ​maritime,​ ​outer-space​ ​and​ ​cyber-space​ ​domains): 1) Floundering​ ​of​ ​existing​ ​institutions​ ​when​ ​dealing​ ​with​ ​traditional​ ​challenges 2) Lack​ ​of​ ​any​ ​serious​ ​institutional​ ​mechanism​ ​for​ ​dealing​ ​with​ ​nontraditional​ ​challenges US​ ​has​ ​been​ ​providing​ ​security​ ​for​ ​global​ ​commons​ ​and​ ​has​ ​bolstered​ ​world​ ​order (supremacy​ ​has​ ​also​ ​advantaged​ ​US,​ ​but​ ​supremacy​ ​is​ ​fading) ● Geopol​ ​and​ ​ec​ ​comp​ ​has​ ​heated​ ​up​ ​in​ ​the​ ​warming​ ​arctic -intl​ ​rules​ ​governing​ ​the​ ​uses​ ​of​ ​outer​ ​space​ ​have​ ​become​ ​outdated→​ ​little​ ​consensus,​ ​treaty based​ ​approach​ ​and​ ​non-binding​ ​agreements→​ ​broad​ ​principles​ ​and​ ​parameters -Cyberspace​ ​differs​ ​from​ ​other​ ​problems​ ​bc​ ​it​ ​is​ ​under​ ​the​ ​jurisdiction​ ​of​ ​sovereign​ ​states (parties​ ​pursue​ ​own​ ​interests) ● US:​ ​champion​ ​of​ ​very​ ​open​ ​and​ ​liberalized​ ​cyberspace ● Many​ ​want​ ​to​ ​transfer​ ​reg​ ​of​ ​internet​ ​from​ ​ICANN​ ​(Internet​ ​corporation​ ​for​ ​Assigned Names​ ​and​ ​Numbers)-->​ ​UN’s​ ​ITU​ ​(intl​ ​Telecomm.​ ​Union)​ ​bc​ ​largely​ ​due​ ​to​ ​the​ ​first, cyber​ ​public​ ​health​ ​has​ ​deteriorated ● Growing​ ​specter​ ​of​ ​cyberwar​ ​among​ ​sovereign​ ​entities​ ​(no​ ​single​ ​UN​ ​treaty​ ​could regulate​ ​cyberwar,​ ​counter​ ​cybercrime,​ ​and​ ​protect​ ​civil​ ​liberties​ ​of​ ​internet​ ​users) ● Piecemeal​ ​approach​ ​to​ ​governance​ ​in​ ​cyberspace=ideal -history​ ​of​ ​global​ ​governance​ ​is​ ​the​ ​story​ ​of​ ​adaptation​ ​to​ ​new​ ​technologies ● Furious​ ​pace​ ​of​ ​tech​ ​change​ ​risks​ ​leaving​ ​global​ ​governance​ ​in​ ​the​ ​dust ● Rapid​ ​advances​ ​in​ ​biotechnology​ ​could​ ​pose​ ​greater​ ​long​ ​term​ ​threats ● Threat​ ​of​ ​uncoordinated​ ​efforts​ ​at​ ​geoengineering​ ​also​ ​demands​ ​reg -demand​ ​for​ ​effective​ ​global​ ​gov​ ​outstrips​ ​supply​ ​and​ ​gap​ ​is​ ​growing ● Multilateral​ ​institutions​ ​are​ ​too​ ​slow​ ​at​ ​responding​ ​to​ ​intl​ ​crises,​ ​bureaucracy ● ...
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