Alan DuPont- The Strategic Implications of Climate Change.pdf - Alan DuPont The Strategic Implications of Climate Change-climate change has always been

Alan DuPont- The Strategic Implications of Climate Change.pdf

This preview shows page 1 out of 1 page.

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read the whole page?

Unformatted text preview: Alan​ ​DuPont-​ ​The​ ​Strategic​ ​Implications​ ​of​ ​Climate​ ​Change -climate​ ​change​ ​has​ ​always​ ​been​ ​linked​ ​to​ ​security;​ ​many​ ​historical​ ​examples​ ​of​ ​climatic​ ​shifts​ ​triggering conflict​ ​and​ ​even​ ​contributing​ ​to​ ​the​ ​rise​ ​and​ ​fall​ ​of​ ​civilizations​ ​and​ ​nations -food​ ​and​ ​water​ ​security:​ ​weather​ ​extremes​ ​and​ ​greater​ ​fluctuation​ ​in​ ​rainfall​ ​and​ ​temp​ ​have​ ​the​ ​capacity to​ ​refashion​ ​the​ ​world’s​ ​productive​ ​landscape​ ​(esp​ ​at​ ​time​ ​of​ ​rising​ ​pop) ● Crop​ ​yield​ ​has​ ​leveled​ ​off,​ ​increases​ ​in​ ​frequency​ ​of​ ​extreme​ ​weather​ ​events ● If​ ​gap​ ​between​ ​global​ ​supply​ ​and​ ​demand​ ​for​ ​a​ ​range​ ​of​ ​primary​ ​foods​ ​narrows,​ ​price​ ​volatility on​ ​world​ ​markets​ ​is​ ​likely​ ​to​ ​increase​ ​and​ ​will​ ​be​ ​exacerbated​ ​by​ ​reduction​ ​in​ ​food​ ​stockpiles ● World’s​ ​food​ ​stocks​ ​are​ ​already​ ​at​ ​historical​ ​lows​ ​(could​ ​seriously​ ​undermine​ ​P/E​ ​sustainability, esp​ ​in​ ​developing​ ​world) ● Rising​ ​sea​ ​levels→​ ​infertile​ ​soil​ ​and​ ​crops,​ ​change​ ​in​ ​fish​ ​migration,​ ​ocean​ ​acidification, extinction​ ​of​ ​marine​ ​life ● Less​ ​fresh​ ​water→​ ​china​ ​and​ ​others​ ​have​ ​redoubled​ ​efforts​ ​to​ ​redirect​ ​water​ ​flows ● Territorial​ ​disputes​ ​aggravated​ ​by​ ​concerns​ ​over​ ​water​ ​security -heightened​ ​energy​ ​insecurity:​ ​climate​ ​change​ ​complicates​ ​energy​ ​choices​ ​by​ ​adding​ ​to​ ​the​ ​costs​ ​of production​ ​and​ ​usage ● Fossil​ ​fuels→​ ​greenhouse​ ​gases ● Almost​ ​all​ ​nations​ ​anticipate​ ​growth​ ​in​ ​energy​ ​usage​ ​(costs​ ​of​ ​using​ ​fossil​ ​fuels​ ​can​ ​inc) ● Major​ ​reassessment​ ​of​ ​nuclear​ ​power: ○ Security​ ​consequences​ ​of​ ​unmitigated​ ​climate​ ​change​ ​outweigh​ ​the​ ​risk​ ​of​ ​terrorists acquiring​ ​nuclear​ ​material;​ ​world​ ​is​ ​already​ ​awash​ ​in​ ​nuc.​ ​Material ● Question​ ​of​ ​what​ ​will​ ​happen​ ​to​ ​Exclusive​ ​Economic​ ​Zones ● “New​ ​gold​ ​rush”-warming​ ​seas​ ​make​ ​resources​ ​under​ ​polar​ ​ice​ ​caps​ ​accessible -temp​ ​is​ ​a​ ​key​ ​factor​ ​in​ ​the​ ​spread​ ​of​ ​infectious​ ​disease​ ​(mvmt​ ​of​ ​mosquitos,​ ​short​ ​term​ ​disease​ ​spikes​ ​bc of​ ​destruction​ ​of​ ​crops,​ ​pop​ ​displacement,​ ​clean​ ​water​ ​and​ ​sewage) ● Health​ ​problems→​ ​national​ ​security​ ​crisis ● Temp​ ​also​ ​affects​ ​reproduction​ ​rate -warming​ ​of​ ​planet→​ ​more​ ​frequent​ ​natural​ ​disasters;​ ​scientists​ ​are​ ​divided​ ​about​ ​whether​ ​this​ ​change​ ​is due​ ​to​ ​natural​ ​fluctuations​ ​or​ ​global​ ​warming ● Natural​ ​disasters​ ​linked​ ​to​ ​climate​ ​change​ ​may​ ​prove​ ​an​ ​even​ ​greater​ ​security​ ​challenge​ ​for developing​ ​states→​ ​call​ ​into​ ​question​ ​competency​ ​of​ ​govs -environmental​ ​refugees:​ ​climate​ ​change​ ​may​ ​cause​ ​unregulated​ ​pop​ ​mvmts​ ​that​ ​can​ ​internally​ ​destabilize states,​ ​aggravate​ ​transborder​ ​conflicts,​ ​create​ ​pol​ ​tensions​ ​etc.​ ​can​ ​lead​ ​to: 1) People​ ​will​ ​move​ ​in​ ​response​ ​to​ ​deteriorating​ ​env. 2) Increasing​ ​short​ ​term​ ​pop​ ​dislocations 3) Larger-scale​ ​pop​ ​mvmts​ ​that​ ​slowly​ ​build -fights​ ​over​ ​natural​ ​resources​ ​(initially,​ ​diplomatic​ ​negotiation→​ ​raid) -flooding​ ​of​ ​refugees,​ ​nuclear​ ​proliferation,​ ​famine -stability​ ​of​ ​high-latitude​ ​permafrost​ ​(release​ ​of​ ​methane​ ​and​ ​co2) -reduction​ ​of​ ​polar​ ​ice→​ ​inc​ ​sea​ ​levels→​ ​flooding​ ​and​ ​ec​ ​damage→​ ​pop​ ​displacements​ ​(Antarctic​ ​melt) -climate​ ​change​ ​is​ ​potentially​ ​as​ ​detrimental​ ​to​ ​human​ ​life​ ​and​ ​E/P​ ​order​ ​as​ ​traditional​ ​mil.​ ​threats​ ​(stress multiplier​ ​on​ ​all​ ​societies​ ​and​ ​states) -little​ ​research​ ​has​ ​been​ ​done ...
View Full Document

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes