anthr 200 exam 2 study guide

anthr 200 exam 2 study guide - Primate ecology o...

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Primate ecology o Tropical Rainforest – muriqui, colobus monkey, aye aye, orangutan, tarsier Seasonal forest – ringtailed lemur, howler monkey Woodland Savanna – olive baboon, chimpanzee, patas monkey, vervet monkey Desert and semi-desert Temperate – barbary macaque, hanuman langur, rhesus macaque, snub-nosed monkey, snow monkey Rainforest - muriqui, colobus monkey, aye aye, orangutan, tarsier Woodland Grass land Desert and semi-desert Subalpine – gelada baboons, hamadryas baboon Elfinwood – mountain gorilla, purple faced leaf monkey Shrubland Subartic Taiga (evergreen forest) Tundra o Activity patterns Diurnal negatives o decreased olfaction , increased predation , possible heat stress , increased food competition pros o better visual foraging , better visual communication Nocturnal Negatives o Reduced social communication , Reduced foraging ability Pros o Decreased food competition , Decreased heat stress , Decreased predation , Enhanced olfaction o Nutrients Macronutrients Proteins, carbs, fats Micronutrients Vitamins, minerals Secondary compounds Alkaloids, tannins o Diet Carbs Fruit, flower, gum, sap
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Protein Leaves, insects Fats Insects, seeds o Foods Herbivore Frugivore, folivore, nectar-eater, gum/resin eater Faunivore Insectivore, carnivore, others Omnivore Herbivore, faunivore o Meat eating Why hunt Ecological, nutritional, social o Relationship between diet and morphology The bigger you are, the more calories you need Fruit eaters Broad incisors, low rounded molar cuspe, long small intestine Leaf eats Small incisors, molar – shearing crests, complex stomach, enlarged large intestine Gum eats Stout incisors, claws for clinging, Insect eaters Sharp cusps, short simple gut, o Metabolism chemical changes in body to maintain life Metabolic rate – rate of energy exchange Basal metabolic rate – BMR o Ranging Patterns Land use Daily path length, core area, home range What effects ranging patterns? Phenology, energetics and seasonality, competition/territoriality, group size, food distribution Why be Territorial? Resource defense, mate defense Competition Intragroup vs. intergroup Scramble (equal) vs. contest (uneven distribution) Predation Over 75% of the chimps hunting diet is on red colobus monkeys Ecological helpers Seed dispersal, pollination
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1. What is a biome? A climatically and geographically defined area of similar communities of plants and animals. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course ANTH 200Lg taught by Professor Yamashita during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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anthr 200 exam 2 study guide - Primate ecology o...

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