chapter 5.docx - LEARNING DISABILITIES(sam kirk 1963 Video how difficult can this be Robert Levine youtube-summary-5pts to fail Definitions IDEA

chapter 5.docx - LEARNING DISABILITIES(sam kirk 1963 Video...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 7 pages.

LEARNING DISABILITIES (sam kirk- 1963) Video: how difficult can this be? Robert Levine. –youtube -summary -5pts – __ to fail?? Definitions: IDEA definitions o A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological process involved in understanding or using language spoken or written o May manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do math. o Includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia o Does not include learning problems that are the result of other disabilities or environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage. o Most states require three criteria be met to receive services Discrepancy between intelligence and achievement An “unexpected” difference b/w general ability and achievement Exclusion criterion The students difficulties are not the result of another known conditions that can cause learning problems A need for special education services The student shows specific and severe learning problems despite standard educational efforts Responsiveness to intervention A local education agency may use a process that determines if the child responds to scientific, research-based intervention as a part of the evaluation procedures o The RTI approach shifts the identification of learning disabilities from a “Wait-to- fail” model to one of early identification and prevention NJCLD (National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities) Believes the federal definition of LD contains several weaknesses: o Exclusion of adults Learning disabilities can occur across the life span o Reference to “basic psychological processes” Invites debate on how to teach students with LD-this is a curricular issue, not a definitional one. o Inclusion of spelling as a learning disability Spelling can be subsumed under “written expression” o Inclusion of obsolete terms Includes terms that are difficult to define o Wording of the exclusion clause Suggests that learning disabilities cannot occur with other disabilities
Image of page 1
A group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, or mathematical abilities o These disorders are intrinsic to the individual and presumed to be due to central nervous system dysfunction and may appear across the life span Problems with self-regulatory behaviors, social perception, and social interaction may coexist but do not themselves constitute a learning disability. (exclusionary cause) Although LDs may occur with other handicapping conditions or with extrinsic influences, they are not the result of those influences.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture