AP U.S. HistoryPeriod Three: 1754 - 1800Mrs. AllenWords to Know: Seven Years’ War (French and Indian War):If you lived in England then you called it the 7 years’ war because the war involved multiple countries around the globe and was fought in different places. They were competing colonial powers. For England, it’s much more than the Indians and the French. Colonists call it French and Indian War because they were fighting French and Indians. This causes huge English debt and they had to look to the colonies for money. Caused by colonists encroaching on Indian land and in the end the French were kicked out of North America so they lost a trading partner. England thinks colonies should help pay because they helped protect the colonies in war and protecting ports around the world where colonists sold stuff. Misunderstanding: colonists see it as the English war all over the world and North America so they see it as colonists have to pay for their world war. EFFECTS: Britain needed money to pay off war debt, wanted to avoid future conflict with the French and Indians so they drew the Proclamation line of 1763 which prevented the colonists from expanding further. New Taxes: England passes the sugar, currency, and stamp acts to help pay off the debt they got in the 7 Years War. Sugar Act: Britain brings into colonies British customs people to stop smuggling and to ensure collection of duties (things importing/exporting.) Currency act: Required colonists to stop printing their own money. They had to collect taxes and they couldn’t do that if there was no common currency so they required colonists to use the English silver sterling. The stamp act was the first direct tax because
the colonists directly had to pay a tax on it instead of the tax already being applied for them. Greenville was in charge of collecting taxes in the colonies. The Stamp Act Congress wrote a letter to the king saying how they did not approve of this tax and the king repeals it for them but passes Townshend Acts. England also passes the Tea Act which allowed English merchants to sell their tea in the colonies without paying the Navigation Acts taxes. This angered colonists since they got around the tax and local merchants were being monopolized by a larger power. Self-Rule: The colonists were ruling themselves all the way up until King George III took power – then he started exerting control over the colonists. The taxes/acts imposed on colonists were really to pay off the debt Britain obtained defending the colonists during the French and Indian War – they were all miscommunications. The Enlightenment: Individual talent became valued in the colonies over birth. The colonists believed they also had the rights of life, liberty, and property just like any other person. They wanted to be represented in England just like they were represented in the colonies.