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YorkSOSC 1801FINAL EXAMSTUDY GUIDEfind more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
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Health Controversies- Lecture #1 BASIC CONCEPTS Health Illness Diseases Biomedicine Social suffering Structural violence Neoliberal Health Wellness- population health framework. Focuses on various forms of health -Emotional, physical intellectual, health & social What is Health? 1.According to World Health Organization (WHO): defines health as no nearly the absence of disease/illness but as complete state of physical, mental & social well-being oEveryone is considered sick according to definition 2.FuŶĐtioŶal Health: state of ďeiŶg that’s ƌeƋuiƌed to fuŶĐtioŶ eǀeƌLJdaLJ oif you are able to function & do daily tasks you are considered healthy oEx: if you have a headache but are still able to go to school, you are still healthy. Not sick 3.Social Theorist: health in terms of excess to & over basic material & non-material resources that’ƌe ƌeƋuiƌed foƌ good health. CoŶsideƌ thiŶgs that sustaiŶ to & pƌoŵote life & health oMaterial: food, water, drugs, shelter, finance (income) oNon-material: friendship, love, belonging, education, freedom, safty, sleep Power Power determines who has excess to material & non-material resources Different forces of power shape one for good/bad Power that shapes healthcare, social, historical, political economic & cultural aspects They are structural forces Diseases, Illness, Sickness & Poor Health (different meaning) Disease: state of being unwell that is identified, examined & diagnosed by health professional oMedical professionals diagnose disease by bodily signs (fever, blood pressure) oCauses bodily stress Illness: Experimental- you can feel it (headache) oInternational Classification of Diseases (ICD)- not all diseases are universally expectable/classified. oICD classify & defines disease versus illness which are classified internationally find more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
oSelf-diagnosed or locally diagnosed Both are culturally mediated. Effected by cultural differences & practices Biomedicine, Chinese Healing, Aryvedic Medicine Biomedicine: specific way or form of healing. Western based (Europe, north America) Chinese: acupuncture & cupping Ayurvedic : South Asia Social Suffering Used by medical anthropologist who tired to make sense of pain & suffering Linked b/t individual pain/distress & social events- structural Structural events that cause pain like poverty, domestic violence & political regualtions & other structural forces (e.g. residential schools) Social suffering is a type of pain that can be prevented ( ex: HIV, structural violence) Social Determinant of Health Shape out own individual health & health of entire community Determinant are for prevention, treatment & care Ottawa Charter of Health states social determinants of health for Canadians: peace, shelter, food, education, income, stable ecosystem, sustainable resources (water, agriculture), social justice,

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