Writing Style and Tone.docx - Writng STyle and ±one To...

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Writing Style and Tone To understand how to write to other cultures, one must first understand the difference between high and low context, along with collectivism and individualism on the written form of verbal communication. When one is organizing messages to other cultures, it is important to adapt one’s style to the culture being written to. Individualist cultures prefer direct communication. Collectivist cultures prefer indirect communication. The indirect style requires a buffer opening during written communication. The following video goes over direct versus indirect style: Writing to Intercultural Audiences During verbal communication (whether writing or speaking to another culture) people encode the message using their own cultural experiences, values, and beliefs. This is also true for the receiver who decodes the message using his or her own cultural experiences, values, and beliefs. The cultural differences between the sender and receiver can create misinterpretations or misunderstandings of a message. The preference for the organizational patterns of written verbal communication will vary depending on the individualism or collectivism and high- or low-context nature of a culture. In individualist low-context cultures, such as the United States or Canada, written messages are direct and organized around thesis statement and paragraphs. The goal of a thesis statement is to be direct, clear, and specific, and it shares the main idea at the beginning of a message. Each subsequent paragraph will focus on the thesis statement and encompass one main idea. The paragraphs will begin with a topic sentence that offers a direct and upfront description of the main idea for the paragraph. In addition, individualist low-context cultures are linear in nature. This means written verbal communication will progress with a linear focus toward the overarching goal of a message. This pattern is called the direct organizational pattern. In collectivist high-context cultures, such as China or Japan, written messages are indirect and organized around the evidence that is presented first. This leads into the main idea of the verbal
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message. To accomplish the indirect pattern of writing, a buffer opening is used. A buffer is an
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