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A Short List of Tips for ACET Logical Reasoning and Abstract Reasoning By: Nikko Angelo S. Carisma [email protected] Contents: Logical Reasoning Information About Logical Reasoning Types of Logical Statements Types of Definitions Tips for Other Items Abstract Reasoning Information About Abstract Reasoning Serial and Non-Serial Reasoning Tips in Answering this Kind of Test Logical Reasoning This part of the ACET, along with Abstract Reasoning, measures a student's critical thinking and analytic skills. The Logical Reasoning test determines how one can process information and identify a conclusion or interpretation from it. Sample Item: Only fish oil contains Omega 3. Only foods that contain Omega 3 help with brain development. Therefore, only fish oil helps with brain development. a. Affirmative b. Negative c. Possibly affirmative d. Possibly negative In this case, the answer is A . This is because the conclusion is supported by the data or information given above: Fish oil = Omega 3 Omega 3 = Helps with brain development Therefore, it may be concluded that: Fish oil = Helps with brain development Types of Logical Statements Given an if-then statement: If p then q , the following logical statements can be created. Type Corresponding Statement Conclusion Repetition p , therefore q . affirmative Converse* q , therefore p . possibly affirmative Inverse Not p , therefore, not q . possibly affirmative Contrapositive Not q , therefore, not p . affirmative Conflict p , therefore not q . negative *The converse of a statement may be concluded as affirmative if the given statement is "If and only if p, then q." Sample Item: Given the statement: "If I am bright, then I will pass the entrance exam." p = "I am bright" q = " I will pass the entrance exam " Type Corresponding Statement Conclusion Repetition I am bright. Therefore, I will pass the entrance exam.
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