Chapter 1 - Environmental Organismal Biology P.H Chapter...

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Environmental & Organismal Biology 9/5/07 P.H. Chapter 1 (1.1)Environment - Everything that affects a living organism (any unique form of life). Environmental Science - An interdisciplinary study that uses information from the physical sciences and social sciences to learn how the earth works, how humans interact with the earth, and how to deal with the environmental problems we face. Ecology - A biological science that studies the relationships between living organisms and their environment. Environmentalism - A social movement dedicated to protecting the earth’s life support systems for us and other species. Sustainability - The ability of the earth’s various systems, including human cultural systems and economies, to survive and adapt to changing environmental conditions. Natural Capital = Natural Resources + Natural Services that keep us and other species alive and support our economies. Natural Resources - Air, water, soil, land, nonrenewable minerals. Natural Services - Air & water purification, soil renewal, nutrient recycling, food production, pollination, waste treatment. 5 Steps for Understanding Sustainability - Natural Capital→ Natural Capital Degradation→ Solutions→ Trade-Offs→ Individual Matter. Sound science is a part of this process. Importance of Sound Science - The concepts and ideas that are widely accepted by experts in a particular field of the natural or social sciences. Tells us what we need to protect and sustain the many natural services provided by diverse mature forests. Environmental Sustainable Society - Meets the current needs of its people for food, clean water, clean air, shelter and other basic resources without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Living on Interest of Natural Capital - Importance of Tradeoffs - (1.2) Human Population Growth on Earth has slowed, but it is still rapid. With so many people living on the Earth, hundreds of thousands of people are added to the human population each day.
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Economic Growth & Economic Development - E.G. is an increase in the capacity of a country to provide people with goods and services. Usually measured by the percentage change in a country’s
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