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Unformatted text preview: Introductory Psychology (PSY301, 2:00-3:30pm) Test 1 Tuesday, September 18, 2007 1. Which of the following is most necessary for successful hypnosis? a. The person hypnotizing is a trained physician. d. The person being hypnotized is under emotional distress. b. The person being hypnotized is unconscious. e. The person being hypnotized is highly suggestible. c. The person hypnotizing is more intelligent than the person being hypnotized. 2. Which of these is true of lesion studies? a. They require expensive fMRI equipment. d. They show that the lesioned area is involved in the behavior of interest. b. They do not cause damage to research subjects. e. They can be done with humans. c. They have perfect precision. 3. Which explanation best describes why the cortex is wrinkled? a. The cortex is wrinkled so that the skull is small enough to fit through the vaginal opening during birth. b. The cortex is wrinkled because the interstitial fluid enlarges the areas of the brain that need the most nutrients. c. The cortex is wrinkled so that the neurons can form faster connections by using the folds as high speed pathways. d. The cortex is wrinkled to protect the inner structures from damage. e. The cortex is wrinkled to reduce overheating. 4.Dana is interested in examining whether working at a job while attending school affects grade point average (or GPA). She collects data from students on the number of hours they work and their GPA. What type of study is Dana doing? a. experimental b. third variable c. case study d. double secret probation method e. correlational 5. What allows the movement of sodium and potassium ions to the inside and the outside of the neuron to cause firing? a. changes in membrane thickness b. changes in the charge of the ions c. refraction d. changes in the chemical structure of the ions e. gating mechanisms 6. Which of the following is something that hypnosis can do? a. Improve memory d. Make people do things they dont want to do b. Breathe underwater e. Inhibit pain c. Give you special powers 7. Why are humans typically able to remain in the bed during sleep? a. Your body remains still throughout the night. b. You typically fall out of bed. c. Spackletons theory of ambulatory insomnia. d. The brain is still processing information about its surroundings. e. You are consciously aware of the beds boundaries at all times. 8. Which of the following is false about correlational designs? a. It indicates direction of cause-effect relationship d. A correlation of zero suggests that there is no relationship between the variables b. A negative correlation is when one variable decreases as another variable increases e. It does not indicate causality c. It allows you to determine the strength of relationships between variables 9. When you burn your finger, _____ neurons carry the message to the spinal cord and _____ neurons instruct the muscles in your arm to retract from the flame....
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- Fall '07