NURS 6521 – Advanced PharmacologyWeek 8Post an explanation of whether or not you think the prevalence of HIV cases might be attributed to increased complacency due to more advanced drug treatment options. Medication adherence is defined by the US Department of Health and Human Services (2017) as keeping a strict medication regimen. This means that the medication needs to be taken every day and exactly as the provider prescribed. By doing so, the immune system will be protected and there will a reduction in the risk of drug resistance and HIV treatment failure. If the HIV patient does not stick to a firm schedule, the HIV virus will replicate and mutate, thus producing a “drug-resistant HIV” (USDHHS, 2017). Medication adherence can be difficult due to multiple issues: medication side effects, difficulty swallowing the pills, hectic work schedule, unstable living our housing situation, depression, drug use, fear of HIV status to friends and family, lack of monetary resources or health insurance (USDHHS, 2017). Krummenacher, Cavassini, Bugnin, & Schneider (2011) also added that many patients still do not fully understand the disease itself and how the treatment works. Judy Greif is a Registered Nurse, and in 2013, she wrote that many people are now unworried about HIV is a serious disease. Compared to 1997, HIV testing rates in 2013 were unchanged in higher risk groups. To get testedfor HIV, healthcare providers require written consent, so many are currently living with HIV and do not know it. Rathner (2015) also agrees that undiagnosed HIV infections are the major problem in eliminating HIV/AIDS and that many do not consider the virus a major problem. According to Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold (2017), it is of utmost importance for the healthcare provider to assess patients who are at risk for medication nonadherence such as drug abuse, mental illness, health literacy, and stigma. Indeed HIV drug therapy has been a success and has led to a decline in the number of new AIDS cases and deaths, and many HIV patients are leading healthier lives; but this does not mean that people do not need to protect themselves from infections (USDHHS, 2017). I personally agree with the literature that lack of disease understanding is cause for complacency.