Logical Fallacies.docx - Begging the Question Fallacies...

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Begging the Question Fallacies: Arguing in a Circle is asserting, in the premise of an argument, what is asserted in the conclusion of that argument. “I love pizza because I love pizza.” Question begging language is assuming on the very question at issue in such a way as to direct the listener to that same conclusion. “You are going to love this hot, tasty, delicious pizza.” Complex question is when you formulate a question in a way that presupposes that an answer has already been given to an unasked question about an open issue or that treats a series of questions as if the same answer will be given to each of the questions in the series. “What kind of pizza do you want to get.” Question begging definition is when you use a highly questionable definition disguised as an irrefutable and empirical premise, which has the effect of making the empirical claim at issue true by definition. “Pizzas have to be circular.” Fallacies of Inconsistency: Incompatible premises are when you draw a conclusion for inconsistent or incompatible premises. “I love pizza but I hate pizza, you know what I mean?” Contradiction between a premise and conclusion is when you draw a conclusion that is incompatible with at least one of the premises. “I love pizza and want some tonight; let’s go get a burger.” Fallacies of Deductive Inference: Denying the antecedent of a conditional statement and then inferring the denial of the consequent. “If we went to pizza palace then the pizza would be tasty. We didn’t go to pizza palace so this pizza is going to be disgusting. Affirming the consequent of a conditional statement and then inferring the affirmation of the antecedent. “If you ordered this pizza from pizza palace then this pizza would be tasty. This pizza is tasty so I guess you
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  • Spring '17
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Christopher Reinemann
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