Psychology Exam 2 - Introductory Psychology October 9, 2007

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Introductory Psychology – October 9, 2007 Gosling/Pennebaker 2:00 Class – Test 2 1. Which of the following is most true of sexual orientation? a. People can choose whether they are basically homosexual or heterosexual. b. Research suggests that sexual orientation is influenced very strongly by biological and genetic factors. c. People are born without a true sexual orientation but ultimately become homosexual or heterosexual based on early childhood experiences. d. Sexual orientation can only be determined once a child reaches the abstract reasoning stage in Piaget’s model because of the complexity of the decision. e. All people are both homosexual and heterosexual and can change their sexual orientation depending on the settings they are in. 2. In a laboratory experiment, what is the best way to make a female rat homosexual? a. Expose it to exclusively female rats after birth, increasing sexual interest in females over time. b. Expose it to exclusively male rats after birth, decreasing sexual interest in males over time. c. Expose it to high androgen levels during puberty, resulting in biological changes during this critical period. d. Expose it to high androgen levels in the uterus, resulting in biological changes during this critical period. e. Expose it to large amounts of otoacoustic emissions in the uterus, resulting in biological changes during this critical period. 3. In a laboratory experiment, researchers give men and women a glass of “Oklahoma okeberry juice” which is really made from cranberry, bitter quinine water, and a small amount of pure alcohol. People can’t taste the alcohol at all. The researchers then ask the men and women how they are feeling. On average, how will they respond? a. Men will report feeling much more dizzy and lightheaded than women. b. Men will feel somewhat depressed; women will feel nervous. c. Women will feel dizzy and lightheaded; men will feel completely sober d. Men will feel hungry; women will feel thirsty. e. Neither the men nor the women will be affected by the drink. 4. Most women say that they would be more upset over their husband falling in love with another woman than having sex with another woman. Most men say the opposite. According to evolutionary psychology theories, this is because: a. Men and women differ in parental investment. b. Women are more emotionally sophisticated than men. c. Men and women have different definitions of love. d. Men are more analytical than women. e. Men and women differ in the nature of their orgasms.
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5. Mary lives the first 20 years of her life in a room without sound. She has no physical disability, there is just no sound in her environment. She learns about the world by reading books and watching subtitled television. On her 21 st birthday, Mary goes outside, where her mailman says hello. Which of the following happens? a.
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Psychology Exam 2 - Introductory Psychology October 9, 2007

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