117117360-Public-International-law.pdf - Public International Law Fall 2005 Kirk Shannon PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW FALL 2005 PROF PAYAM AKHAVAN INTRO.5

117117360-Public-International-law.pdf - Public...

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Public International Law – Fall 2005 Kirk Shannon P UBLIC I NTERNATIONAL L AW - F ALL 2005; P ROF . P AYAM A KHAVAN INTRO ................................................................................................................................................................... 5 PART 1 – NATURE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW ......................................................................................... 7 (a) J.L. Brierly – Basis of Obligation in International Law ............................................................................ 7 PART 2 – INTERNATIONAL LEGAL SUBJECTS – .................................................................................... 8 A- S TATES ............................................................................................................................................................. 8 A - How do we characterize Statehood? ........................................................................................................ 8 Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States ........................................................................... 8 Austro-German Customs Union Case [PCIJ 1931] .................................................................................... 9 B - Sovereignty and Equality ........................................................................................................................ 10 Island of Palmas Case – Netherlands v. U.S. ............................................................................................ 10 Namibia Case ............................................................................................................................................ 11 C - State Succession ...................................................................................................................................... 11 Tinoco Arbitration: Great Britain v. Costa Rica ....................................................................................... 12 S.A. Williams – Succession to Public Debts ............................................................................................ 13 D – Recognition ............................................................................................................................................ 14 S. Williams & A. De Mestral – Theories of Recognition ......................................................................... 14 Tinoco Arbitration: Great Britain v. Costa Rica ....................................................................................... 16 B – I NTERNATIONAL L EGAL S UBJECTS – I NTERNATIONAL O RGANIZATIONS (IGO’ S ) ..................................................... 16 Reparations Case ....................................................................................................................................... 17 UN High Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change ...................................................................... 18 C – International Legal Subjects - Peoples .................................................................................................. 19 Declaration of the Granting of Independence to Colonial Territories and Peoples .................................. 20 Western Sahara Case ................................................................................................................................. 21 East Timor Case – Portugal v. Australia ................................................................................................... 21 Reference Re Seccession of Québec ......................................................................................................... 21 Mi’kmaq Case ........................................................................................................................................... 22 D – International Legal Subjects – Corporations and NGO’s .................................................................... 22 The Prosecutor v. Simic ............................................................................................................................ 23 PART 3 – SOURCES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW ..................................................................................... 26 Military Activities In and Against Nicaragua, ICJ 1986 ........................................................................ 27 A – T REATIES ...................................................................................................................................................... 28 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties ................................................................................................. 28 Anglo Iranian Oil Co. Case ....................................................................................................................... 29 Nuclear Test Cases – Aus v. France; NZ v. France .................................................................................. 30 Reservations ................................................................................................................................................. 30 Reservations to the Convention on Genocide ........................................................................................... 30 Free Zones Case, France v. Switzerland, .................................................................................................. 32 Invalidity and JUS COGENS ........................................................................................................................ 32 B – C USTOM ........................................................................................................................................................ 35 North Sear Continental Shelf Cases - Germany v. Denmark and v. Netherlands .................................... 36 The Steamship Lotus – France v. Turkey ................................................................................................. 37 Right of Passage over Indian Territory Case – Portugal v. India ............................................................. 37 1
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Public International Law – Fall 2005 Kirk Shannon P ART 3C – S OURCES – G ENERAL P RINCIPLES AND S OFT L AW .................................................................................... 39 International Status of South West Africa Case ....................................................................................... 39 Erdemovic Case ........................................................................................................................................ 40 Texaco v. Libya ........................................................................................................................................ 41 PART 4A – NATIONAL APPLICATION OF INTERNATIONAL LAW - CUSTOM .............................. 42 Foreign Legations Case ............................................................................................................................. 43 Saint John v. Raser-Brace Overseas Corp. ............................................................................................... 43 Gordon v. R. .............................................................................................................................................. 43 Treaty Implementation .................................................................................................................................. 44 Conflicts between Treaties and Statutes ....................................................................................................... 45 I NFLUENCE OF IL ON C DN L AW – D ETERMING THE A PPLICABLE L AW TO A PPLY : .......................................................... 46 C OMPARATIVE A PPROACHES TO N ATIONAL A PPLICATION ............................................................................................ 46 European Union: .......................................................................................................................................... 46 Cosa v. Ente Nazionale Per l’Energia Ellettrica, [1964] ECJ Advisory Opinion under art. 177 ............ 46 United States ................................................................................................................................................. 47 PART 5 - STATE JURISDICTION OVER TERRITORY ............................................................................ 48 L AND T ERRITORY .................................................................................................................................................. 49 (a) Acquisition of Territory ........................................................................................................................... 49 Island of Palmas Case; Netherlands v. United States (1928), 2 R.I.A.A. 829 .......................................... 49 Western Sahara Case Adv. Op. [1975] I.C.J. Rep. 12 .............................................................................. 50 Legal Status of Eastern Greenland Case; Denmark v. Norway ............................................................... 51 (b) Boundary Disputes ................................................................................................................................... 52 Case Concerning the Frontier Dispute; Burkina Faso v. Republic of Mali, ............................................ 52 A RCTIC AND A NTARCTIC A REAS ............................................................................................................................. 53 PART 6 – LAW OF THE SEA .......................................................................................................................... 55 A – M ARINE Z ONES .............................................................................................................................................. 55 1. Territorial Sea .......................................................................................................................................... 55 Anglo-Norwegian Fisheries Case – UK v. Norway .................................................................................. 56 Exclusive Economic Zone ............................................................................................................................. 57 Continental Shelf .......................................................................................................................................... 57 The Truman Proclamation ........................................................................................................................ 57 Re Newfoundland Continental Shelf ........................................................................................................ 58
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