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Soc exam 3Total Instituion -A place of residence and work, people are stripped of individuality, i.e. Prisons, hospitals, military. Goal: take away the individuals self and give him or her a new one more in keeping with the needs of the total institution. * total institutions frequently fail to meet their goals, likely that no total institution has the power to completely erase its inhabitant’s individualityCharacteristics of a total institution •A large number of people •Cut off from wider society for a long time •Enclosed with a natural barrier or fences •Formally administered - there is a boss (leader) Evidence paris island is a total institution There were a lot of people all together in this isolated situation, they are cut off from wider societies norms, values, and beliefs, they are fenced into the camp, can only go where sergeant tells them, must address sergeant by sir, all in uniform etc. Resocializationan intense socialization process •Strip away the existing social self (depersonalization) •Learn new roles, values and beliefs (degradation) •Requires a total institution (such as boot camp) works best when newcomers wantto be resocialized (military or religious setting) Degradation insults and abuse -tasks are menial, exhausting, filthy, boring objective: strip away sense of self-worth, replace "old worthless self" with "better, new self" Depersonalization initial phase of resocialization in which those things that indicate individual differences (haircuts, names, clothing) are stripped away "swinging dick"
large number of dudes "mary jane rottencrotch (suzie rottencrotch)" the girl next door "PT" physical training “assholes and elbows" hurry up "head”bathroom "magic show" religious service agents of socialization -family -school -media!! -peers -work cultural norms reflect____ cultural values cultures have norms because they value certain things when people deviant from norms, they are declaring___ "i dont hold this value" how is deviance relative -the rules and norms we choose to follow vary by culture to culture, or depending on who you ask -a family may have different norms than state law does opposite of deviant normative
norms vary... -across cultures/societies/subcultures -over time relativity of deviance what is considered to be deviant varies across societies, norms varies across time and place, norms vary within particular society - different subgroups have differentnorms what is/isn’t deviant will change over time, in a society something at onepoint can be deviant, and then a decade later not deviantLombroso (nonsociological explanation of deviance) defined criminals by their body features (lower foreheads, higher cheekbones, protruding ears, more body hair) this was proven not to be the case Psychological factors "aggressive personality" (nonsociological explanation of deviance) psychological theorists think that some forms of deviance are manifestations of certain personalities, such as violence being a manifestation of an aggressive personality