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IntroductionA recent poll on personal view collection, identified drug or substance abuse addiction as top twoproblems facing the teens in America today, with more than 67% of the respondents agreeing tothis fact. Although the illicit substance abuse seems to have declined in the recent past, due toactive anti abuse campaigns. According to a research conducted by theNational Institute onDrug Abuse, teenagers goes on to abuse the illicit substances while they are privy to dangersassociated with the habit. According to theNational Institute on Drug Abuse, there was a 27.2%abuse of illicit substances in all grades, with major substances being alcohol, marijuana, tobacco,and notorious prescription drugs which causes addiction.Alcoholism and substance abuse by teens and adolescents is a problem of the 21stcentury. Muchwork has been done on adult addiction and substances use, little literature has been done on teenaddiction and substance abuse despite it being a growing social and public health problem. It hasbeen found out that, alcohol is the most abused substance by teens and adolescent youths,following closely is Marijuana smoking and tobacco. Hard drugs such as cocaine and heroinealso comes in last. A growing public health concern to the society. Of recent past, teens havebeen a subject of prescription medicine and pain medication abuse, this has been the norm inhigh school students who abuse cough syrups (codeine based) and pain medication.Recentresearch showed that 35% of high school students reported abusing alcohol, while 21% reportedabusing marijuana, and another 11% reported abusing tobacco. In the following discussion wewill look at the risk factors and effects of teenage substance abuseDiscussion
The habit of drug abuse by teenagers could lead to a lot of problems for their youthful life.Further to this, it present them with future challenge when it comes to permanent addiction tothese substances. Available data suggest that over 90% of adult addicted to alcohol and othersubstances, started when they were teenagers.The problems ranges from improper braindevelopment to severance of their academic and educational life. This is characterized by poorperformance in class and failure to proceed to higher institutions of learning, the net effect beingpoor quality of life in future. This causes a damage to their personal life and hence difficulty informing and maintaining reliable relationships. Most parents and guardians, are not aware of thisimminent social problem. There is a great disconnect between the parents and the adolescentworld, and hence most of them do not know the extent of this menace. There has been reports ofparents getting to know that their children were abusing drugs after a major incidence likeaccidents or drug overdose. A research done by theNational Center on Addiction and SubstanceAbuse at Columbia University, about 5.8 million middle level high school teens, attends schoolswith ease of accessing drugs for abuse, just inside their campuses.