Psych1010 Lecture 6 .docx - Thursday November 30 y...

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Thursday, November 30, y Psych1010 Lecture 6 Freud’s Theory of Personality - Freud’s Theory of Personality     Psycho analytic perspective – specifically about Freud. Instincts : all born with instincts (not the same as animal instincts). Instincts are ba- sic building blocks of personality. The foundation upon which personality is built. In- stincts are a kind of mental energy. We are all born with: - Life instincts: any instinct or mental energy involving trying to sustain life. Was re- ally interested and emphasized sexual instincts “Libido”. - Death instincts: tendencies towards aggressive and destructive behaviour (to- wards ourselves and others). We’re born with them, they’re here to stay, the best you can do is deal with them. Structure of Personality - Not a physical brain structure, more conceptual in nature. - He believed that the structures interact with each other at an unconscious level.  The outcome of this “battle” will influence your behaviour and personality. Id : The structure that contains the instincts. The only structure present at birth.  (sexual tensions etc..) Think of it as a balloon where the sexual inpulses and  energy builds up (like a balloon). Wants to release this energy, so it wants to  lash out. The one word that best describes the id is pleasure. Seeks self indul- gence. It wants to satisfy the urges. NOW. “I don’t care what is happening  around me, I just want immediate gratification” - It is unconscious and has no contact with reality. Doesn’t know what’s going  on around you. - It is irrational and immoral - It seeks self indulgence 1
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Thursday, November 30, y - It strives for immediate gratification  - Based on the  pleasure principle Ego : Develops around 13-15 months of age. Ego helps the id get satisfaction  in socially acceptable ways. Best word that describes ego is “reality”. Job of  the ego is to constantly check the environment and see whether it’s ok for the  id to release the impulses and energy. It helps the ID get gratification in so- cially acceptable ways. Always evaluating the environment. “Hang on id, it’s  not the time to do this, lets delay your gratification a bit longer, and it will prob- ably be ok.” Keeps wild id in check.
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