Exam_1_Study_Guide_F17.doc - Biology 357 Ichthyology Study...

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Biology 357 – Ichthyology Study Guide for Exam #1Fall 2017Please note that our first lecture exam will be held this coming Thursday, Sept. 7.Theexam will cover all material presented in lecture through Tuesday, Sept. 5,including lecture slide packets 1, 2 and 3 (scales but not integument or skeleton).Slide packets can be downloaded from our ‘Blackboard Learn’ course webpage.Study Guide and Example QuestionsThe following guide is intended to help prepare you for the exam.Below are examplesof the material to be covered and different question formats that may be used.Iencourage you to work through the study guide, referring to your lecture notesand textbook to make sure that you have command of the material.Please feelfree to contact me via email ([email protected]) should you have questions.Best of luck with your preparation!I. Definitions- What is a ‘fish’?How would you distinguish afishfrom other types of animals?- Distinguish between the terms “fish” and “fishes”.Under what circumstances wouldyou use one term versus the other?Define the following terms:NeotypeDiadromousCladogramDepressiformMonotypicParaphyleticEquilibrium life-strategy3 Main Fish LineagesMonophyleticSagittiformCompressiformDioeciousParthenogenesisSequential hermaphrodite‘Age of Fishes’Garstang’s HypothesisTaxonomytype specimenlepidotrichiaAgnathanSystematicsPrinciple of PriorityPlesiomorphyFormal nameNeotonyPaedomorphosisHennigCladisticstopotypeSynapomorphyAutapomorphyMeristic characterSoft dorsal finPeduncleTribeGanoid scalePlacoid scaleCteniiScutesAllometry

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