SurnameIntroductionThe American independence war also known as the American revolutionary war, which took place between 1775 and 1783, started as a battle between the great Britain kingdom and the North American colonies under the rule of the British. The revolutionary war eventually ended asa global conflict involving many great powers of Europe. The revolutionary battle was as a resultof American political revolution, whereby several British colonies of North America started rejecting Great Britain’s parliament legitimacy in governing them in absence of their representation. According to the book Johnny Tremain, the North American British colonies claimed that being ruled without proper representation amounted to violation of their rights (Forbes, pp 35). Revolutionary warFor more than ten years before the revolutionary war began, tension between American colonies and Great Britain had been building up steadily. The government of Britain had enacted several laws in order to increase the control it had over the North American colonies. However, the Americans had become accustomed to having their local government take control over the British colonies. The Americans thus opposed the laws that were being passed by the British and objected to taxes that were being imposed on them by the government of Great Britain without their consent. In mid 1770s, the parliament of Britain declared Massachusetts, which was the center of majority of protests, a rebellion. Troops of the British army took position in Boston in order to take fast action against Massachusetts rebels. Shortly after this development, the battle broke out (Lamb, para 2; Lee, para 9).At the revolutionary’s war outset, the thirteen North American colonies under the rule of the British were without a professional navy or army. Each of the thirteen colonies protected 11
Surnameitself through the use of local militia. Such militia men were only armed lightly; they were less trained and also lacked uniforms. The units of the militiamen could only serve for short period oftime. They were hesitant to serve as militiamen far from their homes, making it hard for them to be available for major and extended operations. These major obstacles on the part of American forces made it difficult for them to effectively fight with the well trained and experienced British soldiers (Genealogy Inc, para 5).