BBH study guyde chapter 9.docx

BBH study guyde chapter 9.docx - Chapter 9 study guide...

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Chapter 9 study guide Alcohol & tobacco use & abuse 1. What is legal drinking age? 21 2. What is criteria for binge drinking? having 5 or more drinks (4, women) on one occasion in the last 30 days a. Who binge drinks most (age, characterisTcs)? 18-24 year olds. athletes, sports fans, college students, frats/srats, social students b. Who are less likely to binge drink (age, characterisTcs)? women, minoriTes, religious, married, older students 3. What is criteria for heavy drinking? having 5 or more (4, women) at least 5 Tmes in the past 30 days a. Who binge drinks most (age, characterisTcs)? 18-24 year olds 4. List the toxic eFects ethyl alcohol/ethanol have on the brain and on the pancreas. 5. What is the diFerence between fermentaTon & disTllaTon? fermentaTon – natural sugar are converted into alcohol and carbon dioxide by yeast disTllaTon – heats and cools fermented liquid to create hard liquor 6. Where in the digesTve tract is most alcohol absorbed into the bloodstream? bloodstream 7. Describe where & how alcohol is metabolized. What is the metabolite? metabolized into acetaldehyde 8. What is BAC & what is legal level of intoxicaTon? BAC = g alcohol/deciliter blood. how much and how quickly you drink. legal - .08% 151 proof = 75.5% alcohol 9. Describe the behavioral & biological factors that aFect BAC. what you drink, your sex, age, weight, physical condiTon, food intake, medicaTons 10. Know the symptoms of intoxicaTon and the associated BAC levels or drinks per hour. state of physical and mental impairment brought on by alcohol consumpTon relaxaTon and exhilaraTon - .03% - 1-2 drinks/hr decreased Fne motor skills - .06% - 2-3 drinks/hr slowed reacTon Tme, poor muscle control, slurred speech, wobbly legs - .09% - 3-4 drinks/hr loss of self restraint - .12% - 4-5 drinks/hr blurred vision and unclear speech - .15% - 5-6 drinks/hr Di±culty to stay awake - .18% or 6-7 drinks/hr
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