Sociology Study Guide Exam 1.docx - Sociology Study Guide...

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Sociology Study Guide Chapter 1-5Chapter 1Sociology- The scientific study of society, the ways in which society is organized andoperates, and the factors contributing to both societal stability and changeoa new way of looking at the ever changing face of realityoshifting perspectivesoan attempt to approximate “truth” by expanding our knowledge-sociologists agree that social life is not random and they are interested inthe patterns- Critical approach to sociology questions who benefits from social arrangements,which arrangements reinforce social patterns and which ones challenge patterns.3 Significant Principles in Society1.Race2.Class3.GenderThe Sociological Imagination-ability to constantly shift one’s perspective back and forth between thepersonal level to the structural level to uncover many layers of socialmeaningoadvantages include becoming aware of chances of individuals andhow it may affect our chancesPersonal Troubles vs. Public IssuesA.Requirements:ofacts and information (facts may contain homogenization of news)oability to apply a critical analysis, or sociological imaginationhow pieces fit togethernewspapers, online, news, social mediaocore concepts- fundamental ideas that are helpful in analyzingfeatures of us society and other societies.oownership and control affects informationresults in biashomogenization of news- ownership and control ofconglomeratessingle point of viewshapes world around us1.Personal Troublesa.Involves individuals character, affects few people, some controli.Ex) job loss, being in debt2.Public Issuesa.Lie beyond our control, affects a society as a wholei.Factors- class, race, gender, age
ii.Ex) Poverty, war, discriminationSocialization- people become participants in a society by learning its cultureFunctionalist perspective- importance of order and instability in a society inregards to functions of organizations in societyConflict perspective- features of society harmful to peoples life chancesSocial facts- ideas and ways of thinking, division of labor, groups to whichpeople belongSymbolic interactionism- shared meanings among individuals develop orchange through social interactionChapter 2-Research MethodsIt is important to distinguish between fact and opinionResearch methods- procedures designed to establish facts about the socialworldVariables- attitudes, behaviors, or conditions that can varyoIndependent variables- one that affects another variableoDependent variableResearcher will have an experimental and a control groupField research- direct observation of people in a social settingoPassive observation vs. participant observationSurvey researchHistorical researchoPrimary and secondary sourcesEthics of research- avoid harming peopleChapter 3-Macro-Social StructuresSocial Structure- the organization of recurring patterns of relationships within asocial systemEx.) UconnSocial Structure LayoutWorld SystemMACROSocietiesInstitutionsNetworksGroupsRolesStatusesMICRO

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Term
Fall
Professor
MORAS
Tags
Sociology, Exam 1

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