Exam3StudyGuide.docx - Conflict in the Labor Market...

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Conflict in the Labor Market: Employees: want to sell their labor for as much as possible Employers: want to buy labor for as little as possible Ways an Employee Can Influence what am Employer Pays: Find a better offer (exit) Try to change in the situation Employment Relations System: A system by which employees & employers interact at the workplace to establish terms and conditions of employment Players: o Employers o Labor (employees & unions) o Government History of Employee-Employer Relations Commerce Evolved: Late 1700s Self-employed craftsman to merchant-master Beginnings of the employer-employee relationship First Union: 1794 – Philadelphia Cordwainers First Strike – 1798 Cordwaier Doctrine or Conspiracy Doctrine 1806: made unions illegal FIRST NATIONAL UNIONS (1860’S) – THE NATIONAL LABOR UNION
The Molly Maguire’s (1870s) Underground union The immigrant coal miners of eastern Penna’s anthracite (hard coal) region, were terribly exploited by the coal companies – extremely low wages, dangerous working conditions, poor housing Tried to form their own labor union but it was violently crushed by mining companies When union broke – they formed a secret society (Molly Maguires) to fight a “guerrilla” war against the coal companies Companies were unable to catch them in any acts of vandalism & violence so they called in the Pinkerton Detectives who framed the miners o Result 19 innocent miners were hanged in Pottsville & mauch chunk (1877-79) o Pardoned 100 years later when the State of Penna admitted they were innocent & had been framed Pennsylvania: Anthracite Coal Region – managers vs. Miners Scranton Wilke-Barre Hazelton Mauch Chunk Importance: Crushed miners’ union for years Emphasized growing strength of business Government-Business conspiracy American Federation of Labor – 1886 FEDERATION OF CRAFT UNOINS Pure & simple unionism Organize only skilled workers Work within the system Economic action (strike) Cycle Themes Patterns: Factors Influencing Employee- Employer Relations: State of the economy Attitude of the government Government usually sided with the employees
Homestead Strike (Lockout) of 1892 Andrew Carnegie Henry Clay Frick Lockout: employer’s equivalent of a strike (we, the company, are shutting down until you decide to work for what we want to pay you) Amalgamated: Association of Iron, Steel, & Tin Workers Life in the 1890s: Men: Steel mill 12 hours, 7 days No breaks, 30 min lunch $450 ($500 poverty line) Live in one room with 12 others Unsafe work, 165 killed in Pittsburgh in one year 11, 12, 13-year-old No pension – work until die Women: Textile mill 10-hour day, 6 days No breaks, 30 min lunch $200 Live in one room with 12 Unsafe Sexual harassment is the norm 11, 12, 13 No pension, work until die Importance: Titans won Steel union broken Negative public reaction to unions Use of strikebreakers

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