HRP 2.pdf - CHAPTER 2 Human Resource Planning CHAPTERS OUTLINE Introduction Meaning of HRP Planning at Different Levels Integrated Strategic Planning

HRP 2.pdf - CHAPTER 2 Human Resource Planning CHAPTERS...

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Introduction Meaning of HRP Planning at Different Levels Integrated Strategic Planning and HR Need for Human Resource Planning Objectives of HRP Determinants of HRP Process of Human Resource Planning Strategies for HR Planners Benefits of HR Planning Limitations of HR Planning Guidelines for Making HRP Effective CHAPTER’S OUTLINE Human Resource Planning CHAPTER 2 INTRODUCTION Human resource planning is the most important managerial function of an organization. It ensures three main things: It ensures adequate supply of human resources. It ensures proper quality of human resources. It ensures effective utilization of human resources.
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Human Resource Planning 37 (i) Human resource planning must incorporate the human resource needs in the light of organizational goals. (ii) Human resource planning must be directed towards clear and well-defined objectives. (iii) Human resource plan must ensure that it has the right number of people and the right kind of people at the right time doing work for which they are economically most suitable. (iv) Human resource planning should take into account the principle of periodical reconsideration of new developments and extending the plan to cover the changes during the given long period. (v) Human resource planning should pave the way for an effective motivational process. (vi) Adequate flexibility must be maintained in human resource planning to suit the changing needs of the organization. HRP or MPP is essentially concerned with the process of estimating and projecting the supply and demand for different categories of personnel in the organization for the years to come. HR PLANNING AT DIFFERENT LEVELS Human Resource Planning (HRP) may be done at different levels and for different purposes. National planners may make a HR plan at the national level whereas the strategists at a company may make a HR plan at the unit level. The HR Planning thus operates at five levels. 1. HRP at National Level: HRP at the national level helps to plan for educational facilities, health care facilities, agricultural and industrial development and employment plans, etc. The government of the country plans for human resources at the national level. National plans for HR forecast the demand and supply of human resources at the national level. It also plans for occupational distribution, sectoral and regional allocation of human resources. 2. HRP at the Sectoral Level: HRP at the sectoral level helps to plan for a particular sector like agriculture, industry, etc. It helps the government to allocate its resources to the various sectors depending upon the priority accorded to the particular sector. 3. HRP at the Industry Level: HRP at the industry level takes into account the output/ operational level of the particular industry when manpower needs are considered.
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