Just War in AntiquityThe Ethics of War and PeaceChapter 1 summaryProf. Reyes Graduate TA: Alicia Montellanos
Just War in Antiquity•This chapter provides examples that aim to prove the concern for justice in war is a human characteristic found across all cultures, rather than simply a Christian characteristic.
Just War in Antiquity•For example, the prescriptions concerning the just conduct of war are found in:A) Fifth century China, which recognized rules such as:– No war should begin without just cause– The enemy is to be notified of pending attacks– No injury is to be done to the wounded– The persons and property of innocents are to be respected
Just War in AntiquityB) Groups of the Aztec Empire fought with fixed number of warriors and set times on predetermines battlefields.C) Laotse (Lao Tzu), a Chinese philosopher and founder of the Tao religion from the sixth century B.C. believed a general “effects” war as a “regrettable necessity” and “does not love violence.”
Just War in AntiquityD) Sun Tze (Sun Tzu), a fifth century B.C. Chinese philosopher and soldier, influential in the development of the Chinese military doctrine and on the U.S. military, believed in war one ought to “treat the captives well, and care for them.” What is important and final to war is victory.
Just War in AntiquityE) TheEgyptians thought humanitarian