Chapter 16TherapiesPsychotherapy-psychological techniques are used to assist someone seeking to overcomedifficulties or achieve personal growth.Biomedical therapy-offers medication and other biological treatments.Effective psychotherapy is a brain-changing experience.Electric approach-approach to psychotherapy that uses techniques from various forms oftherapy.Psychoanalysis- Sigmund Freud’s therapeutic technique. Freud believed that patient’s freeassociation, resistances, dreams and transferences—and therapist’s interpretation of them—released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight.Resistance- in psychology, the blocking from the consciousness of anxiety-laden material.Interpretation-in psychoanalysis, the analyst’s noting supposed dream meaning’s resistance,and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight.Transference-in psychoanalysis, the patient’s transfer to the analyst of emotion linked withother relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent).Psychodynamic therapy-therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition; view individualsas responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and seeks to enhance self-insight.Interpersonal psychotherapy-a brief version of psychodynamic therapy, has effectively treateddepression.Humanistic therapies-therapists aim to boost people’s self-fulfillment by helping them grow inself-awareness and self-acceptance. Promoting this growth is the main focus of the therapy. Thepath of therapy is responsible for one’s feelings and actions, not hidden determinants. Consciousthoughts are important than to unconscious and present and future is more important than past.Insight therapies-a variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning byincreasing a person’s awareness of underlying motives and defences.Client-centered therapy-a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which thetherapist uses techniques, such as active listening with a genuine, accepting, empatheticenvironment to facilitate clients’ growth, aka person-centered therapy.Active listening-empathic listening in which the lister echoes, restates, and clarifies. A featureof Rogers’ client-centered therapy.Unconditional positive regard-a caring, accepting, non-judgemental attitude, which CarlRogers believed would help client develop self-awareness and self-acceptance.
If you want to listen more actively in your own relationships. Three Roger-inspired hintsmay help:1.Paraphrase- rather than sayings ‘I know how you feel’ check your understanding bysummarizing the person’s words.2.Invite clarification-‘what might be example of that?’ may encourage a person to saymore.