History 101 Notes.docx - 9/3 French Revolution ELITE 1...

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9/3 French Revolution ELITE: 1. Monarchy, Louis XIV, Divine Right 2. Aristocracy, wealth in land 3. Church, wealth in land -No formal taxation on Aristocracy and Church THIRD ESTATE: 1. Bourgeoisie 2. Peasantry-feudalism 3. Sans-culottes: urban laborers (gunsmiths, carpenters, etc…) French Financial Crisis -Growth of Bureaucracy -Wars-American Revolution -Louis XVI’s financial reforms -Response of Aristocracy -- Estates-General met May 4 th , 1789 1 st estate: clergy 2 nd estate: aristocracy 3 rd estate: People of France, bourgeoisie -Conflict over voting National Assembly 1789-1791 -Tennis Court Oath 20 th June, 1789: People of France pledge to stand together and form new government of France -Storming of the Bastille 14 July 1789 REFORMS: -Declaration of the rights of man -End Feudalsim -Civil constitution of clergy -Constitutional monarchy -Capatalism and restricted franchise
9/10 I. FRENCH REVOLUTION 2 (1789-1791) a. Reforms of National Assembly i. Declaration of the Rights of Man (Aug 26 1789) 1. Recognition of all French citizens as having equal rights, legal inequality before this passed ii. End Feudalism (Aug 4 1789) 1. End of rights of nobles over peasants to work for their lords, caused uprising of peasants and started to attack land owners iii. Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1790) 1. Cut the power of the church in France, most land held by church was taken away and given to peasantry, wanted church under control of secular government, secular education expanded iv. Constitutional Monarchy 1. N.A declared themselves as leaders of the country but had some respect for Louis 16. Decided to keep king on as a symbol of the state, would remain in place and be formal head of state but would have power greatly diminished v. Capitalism 1. Pushed for an economy without government interference, loss of old restrictions on commerce. vi. Restricted Voting (50,000/26m) 1. Want a country ruled by people like themselves. Placed a restriction on voting, only 50,000 people were eligible to vote out of 26 million b. Jacobin Dictatorship (June 1793-July 1796) i. Robspierre and Jacobin policies 1. Louis 16 th Flight to Verennes (20 June 1791) 2. Push for France to become a republic 3. Wanted to crack down on the aristocracy 4. April 1792 Austrian/Prussian invasion a. Paris under direct threat of military, want to crush the revolution 5. September 1792 Massacres a. Aristocrats held in prison were eventually murdered by the common people in response to the revolution ii. Jacobin seizure of power (June 1793) 1. Forms committee of public safety 2. The Terror a. Anyone against the revolution was liable to be eliminated. Created a network of secret police whose goal was to find out who was against the revolution 3. 1793 Constitution
a. Put forward proposals of medical care for those injured at work, offered a government education system, attempted to put forward a more democratic society 4. Leve en Masse a. Creation of nationalism in France 9/17 I. NAPOLEON BONAPARTE a. First consul met in 1799 b. Made emperor in 1804 i. Napoleonic Wars 1. Trafalgar 1805 a. Huge chunk of Navy was crushed by Britain b.

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