dec. 3 greek notes - WEEK 15: ALEXANDER THE GREAT AND HIS...

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WEEK 15: ALEXANDER THE GREAT AND HIS SUCCESSORS (12/3) Review: Greece versus Persia         Persian Wars: invasion of Greece by Persians in 480, 490…Greece wins both, Persians fade out >> creates final  break b/w E. and W. Greek. Persians still present, Greeks form Delian League to keep Persians from invading        Peloponnesian War-era diplomacy         King's Peace (386 BC). . help other Greeks fight on Athenin side. Persians form King’s Peace that Greeks will be  autonomous and belong to Persians         w/ Philip’s power and has conquered Greeks, his new goal is to get revenge for Persian Wars, even though  Persian Empire is one of wealthiest in world Isocrates' dream: encourage Philip to fight against Persia and uniting Greece to take them to Persians. This vision  fails and Macedonia takes over map of empire Philip is assinated and Alexander becomes new leader . Background/Education/Ambition mother Olympias is not Macedonian but from Apyrus next to Greece, daughter of king of Epirus/Molossians (NW  Greece);  Alexander, born 356 BC of jealous mother, he’s Philip's oldest male heir but doesn’t have a secure position. His  mother poisons him when he’s little and turns him epileptic, therefore unfit for throne @ 18 he commanded the cavalry at Chaeronea problems with Philip Aristotle: tutor         natural classrooms  : Macedonian nobles and rich kids get tutored outside Greek education and culture, superiority of Greece his companion schoolmates: Hephaestion, Ptolemy, Cassander, Antigonus, et al. brought Greek learning to the East (a la Napoleon in Egypt): Alex is spreading and creating culture and he is fully  aware of it  personal historians, Homer/Achilles Major Stages of Campaign:  movement of Alexander to the East is significant b/c it was always East’s culture  spreading West and now it’s the opposite via Alexander’s campaign
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course CC 301 taught by Professor Bolmarich during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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dec. 3 greek notes - WEEK 15: ALEXANDER THE GREAT AND HIS...

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