Ku Klux Klan 2x - Ku Klux Klan Creation and Naming The original Ku Klux Klan was founded in Pulaski Tennessee during Reconstruction sometime between

Ku Klux Klan 2x - Ku Klux Klan Creation and Naming The...

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Ku Klux Klan
Creation and Naming The original Ku Klux Klan was founded in Pulaski, Tennessee during Reconstruction sometime between December 1865 and August 1866. The exact date is unknown due to varying reports of the time as well as conflicting accounts of the event by the principals involved. The men responsible for the creation of the KKK was Richard R. Reed, Frank O. McCord, John C. , B. Kennedy, James R. Crowe, J. Calvin Jones who were all ex-confederate veterans. During Ulysses S. Grant's election white supremacists were conducting a reign of terror throughout the South. Southern Democrats formed organizations that violently intimidated blacks and Republicans who tried to win political power. The one such organization created by the democrats of this time is the Ku Klux Klan. The KKK or the Klan as it is formally known was formed in Pulaski, Tennessee, in 1865. Originally founded as a social club for former Confederate soldiers, the Klan evolved into a terrorist organization. It would be responsible for thousands of deaths, and would help to weaken the political power of Southern blacks and Republicans.The name was adapted from the Greek work “kuklos” meaning circle.
Evolution of the KlanAt the time of the Klan’s birth, in Pulaski, Tennessee, there were no jobs available, and the state was under tight military control. The six founders of the Klan, like many residents of Pulaski, had nothing to do and had grown restless. For this reason they decided to create their own club.The actions of the early Ku Klux Klan were intended merely as a source of entertainment. Nightly activities consisted of posing as ghosts of Confederate dead to tease and scare black freedmen. The Klansmen also played practical jokes on blacks, though perhaps without any sinister motivation. Post Civil War reconstruction of the South, changed this playful attitude. Diehard Confederates gravitated toward the Klan as a way to defeat black suffrage, continue white supremacy, and restore Democratic party rule to the South .Nathan Bedford Forrest, former Confederate cavalry leader and slave trader, was chosen as the grand wizard of the KKK. With the next three years, KKK members and allies like the Knights of the White Camellia committed over 2,000. In 1869, Forrest issued a ban on masked violence, and urged Klansmen to keep a low profile and save ammunition for legitimate emergencies. In the early 1870’s the Klan gradually faded out as it successfully terrorized black voters, drove carpetbaggers out, and maintained Democratic party rule in the South.
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