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Running Head: STANDARDS OF PROOF Standards of Proof Brandon Quinonez Dr. Gregg Gibbs California State University of Long Beach 10/28/17 1
STANDARDS OF PROOF Standards of Proof Standard of Proof is defined as “the level of certainty and the degree of evidence necessary to establish proof in a criminal or civil proceeding (‘Standard of Proof’).” The level of proof required depends on the type of case. “The more serious the consequences, the higher the standard of proof is likely to be (‘Legal Standards’).” The lowest standards of proof are reasonable suspicion and probable cause. Following these are preponderance of evidence, clear and convincing evidence, and proof beyond a reasonable doubt. Reasonable suspicion is “the legal standard by which a police officer has the right to briefly detain a suspect for investigatory purposes and frisk the outside of their clothing for weapons, but not drugs (‘What is Reasonable’).” This is an important element used in criminal cases to evaluate evidence. It is the basic standard required for an officer to be able to conduct stops and detentions, not arrests. For example, an officer’s level of suspicion may arise if somebody does not use their vehicles turn signal when driving, is driving without their headlights on at night, or acts in a suspicious manner. It can authorize an officer to “stop, question, briefly detain and potentially “pat down” a suspect (‘Burden of Proof’).” Before criminal procedures come into play, an officer must make an arrest and in order to do so,

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