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EDCI 2700 Who are exceptional Children? oExceptional children differ from the norm (up or down) which requires special individualized programoThe term students with disabilities is more restrictive, not including gifted and talentedoDisabilities: AutismBlind-deaf Emotional behavior disorder Intellectual disability Communication disorderHearing impairment and visual learning disability TBI (traumatic brain injury) oAll fall under IDEA (Individuals with disabilities education act Impairment oLoss or reduced function of a body part or organ DisabilityoExists when an impairment limits the ability to perform certain tasks HandicapoA problem/disadvantage encountered when interacting with the environment At riskoChildren who have a greater than usual chance of developing a disability oBetween the ages of 3-21, 6.4 million receive special education serviced during 2012-2013 school year o13% of the school age population are in a special education service oTwice as many males as females oThere are 3-5 million academically gifted and talented students in grade K-12 in the US Some benefits on labeling and classification oRecognizes differences in learning and behavior it’s the first step in response to disability oProvides access to accommodations they wouldn’t without a disability oHelps with practitioner and researchers communicate to classify and evaluate research findings oLeads to more acceptance by peers oHelps make special needs more visible to policy makers and to the public oEnables disability-specific advocacy groups to promote specific programs and spur legislative action oFunding and resources come into play Disadvantages to labeling
oFocuses on what students cannot do oMay stigmatize and lead to peer rejection oMay cause low expectations for students (teachers) oNegatively affect self esteem oOften misused as explanatory constructs oCreates tendency to assume all children have the same traits, diminishing the detection of the child’s uniqness oMisappropriate number of children from some racial or ethnic backgrounds have been assigned to disability levels oRequires a lot of time and money that could’ve been spent on children and their special needs interventionAlternatives to labeling oThe lowest 20% and highest 20% eligible for broad approaches to improvement of learning opportunities oClassification according to the curriculum and skill areas that need to be learned oUse words that help focus on individual child oProfessional and advocacy have taken differing views on disability labels oRosa’s law has changed all referenced to mental retardation to intellectual disabilities Why are laws governing the education of exceptional children necessary?