EDCI 2700 Test 2.docx - EDCI 2700 Test 2 Chapter 4 Intellectual disabilities o Sub-average intelligence 2 or more standard deviations below mean o

EDCI 2700 Test 2.docx - EDCI 2700 Test 2 Chapter 4...

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EDCI 2700 Test 2 Chapter 4 Intellectual disabilities: o Sub-average intelligence 2 or more standard deviations below mean o Deficits in adaptive behavior o Occurs within the developmental periods (0-18) IDEA definitions o Three criteria for a diagnosis Significant sub-average intellectual functioning is a score of 2 or more standard deviations below the mean on standardized intelligence tests An individual must also have significant difficulty with tasks of everyday living or adaptive behavior The deficits must occur during the developmental period to help distinguish intellectual disabilities from other disabilities AAIDD Definition o Intellectual disability is characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. This disability originates before age 18 o Five assumptions essential to applying the AAIDD definition Limitations in present functioning must be considered within the context of community environments typical of the individual’s age peers and cultures Valid assessment considers cultural and linguistic diversity as well as differences in communication, sensory, motor, and behavioral factors. Within the individual, limitations often coexist with strengths The purpose of describing imitations as to develop a profile of needed supports Witch appropriate personalized supports over a sustained period, the life functioning of the person with the intellectual disability generally will improve Supports are defined as “resources and strategies that aim to promote the development, education, interests, and personal well-being of a person and that enhance individual functioning” Classification of Intellectual disabilities o Classification by the degree or level of intellectual impairment as measured by IQ test scores Mild: 50-55 to 70 Moderate: 35-40 to 50-55 Severe: 20-25 to 35-40 Profound: below 20-25
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Identification and assessment o Standardized IQ tests are used to assess intelligence Administered by a school psychologist or other trained professional o Important considerations of IQ tests: IQ is a hypothetical construct IQ tests measures how a child performs at one point in time on the items included on the test IQ tests can be culturally biased o IQ scored can change significantly o IQ testing is not exact science o An IQ score should not be used to determine IEP objectives o An IQ score should never be used as the sole basis for making decisions regarding special education services Assessing adaptive behavior o Adaptive behavior is “the collection of conceptual, social and practical skills that have been learned by people in order to function in their everyday lives” o The adaptive skills exhibited by a person with ID are critical factors in determining the supports a student required for success in school, work, community, and home environments o
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