Assignment 3 Daniyal Khan.docx - PSYC 221 Introduction to Psychological Science Prof Kristina Due date Daniyal Khan ASSIGNMENT 3 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

Assignment 3 Daniyal Khan.docx - PSYC 221 Introduction to...

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PSYC 221 – Introduction to Psychological Science Due date: 10/25/2017 Prof. Kristina Daniyal Khan ASSIGNMENT 3: HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, PERSONALITY & SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Part I – Human Development (5 points) 1. Dr. Savory asks Annette, a 3-year-old child, whether one of these two rows of buttons has more:   When Annette says that the two rows have the same number of buttons, Dr. Savory spreads out one row:   Once again, he asks Annette whether one of the rows has more. Then Dr. Savory repeats this task with her older sister, Rosie, who is 8 years of age. Given your knowledge of Piaget’s theory, compare and contrast the likely responses of each child. Incorporate Piaget’s terms in your essay (be specific). According to Piaget’s theory, there are different stages of cognitive development which progress by time. The first stage is the sensorimotor stage (from birth to 2 years), the second stage is the preoperational stage (from 2 to 7 years), the third stage is the concrete operational stage (from 7 to 11 years) and finally the formal operational stage (11 years and onwards). The first child Annette is 3 years old, therefore she is in the preoperational stage of cognitive development. In this stage children compare the quantities of objects/substances by their appearance and not by the actual amount. So when Annette is first asked how many buttons are there in the first trial she says they are equal however when the same number of buttons are spaced from each other in the second trial, Annette responds that the buttons which are spaced are more than the ones placed together (as the one’s in the first trial). The second child Rosie is 8 years old, therefore she is in the concrete operational stage of cognitive development. By this age the child has learnt the concept of conservation which means that she can compare quantities based on their actual amount rather than the appearance or arrangement. So when Rosie would be asked how many buttons there are, she would respond in both trials (i.e. weather equally spaced or one spaced more than the other) that they are the same number.
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