Development - Development Psychology: studies how people...

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Development Psychology: studies how people changes across the life span on different dimensions (child psychology looks at the children along every dimension at different ages) Children develop along multiple dimensions: motor social cognitive linguistic 1
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Principle underlying all areas: 1. development is growth 2. orderly progression 3. interaction of heredity and environment 2
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Motor development: 1. hold up head (1 month) 2. roll over (2 - 3 months) 3. creep / crawl (10 months) 4. pull up (12 months) 5. stand (14 months) 6. walk (15 months) language development: 1. cooing (3 months) 2. babbling (4 months) 3. 1 word utterances (10 months) 4. 2 word sentences (24 months) 3
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Cognitive Development : coming to think in increasingly complex ways about increasingly complex things 4
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PIAGET 1. children gain knowledge by constructing reality out of experience a. child uses schemas to organize experience i. schemas: general concepts ii. goal is equilibrium: keeping schemas consistent with experiences b. assimilation: child first tries to integrate new information with existing schemas c. if the schemas can’t absorb the new information, accomodation : altering existing schemas to fit new information 5
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2. mental growth involves major qualitative changes, represented by stages of cognitive development a. sensory motor intelligence (0-2) b. preoperational period (2-7) c . concrete operational period (7-11) d. formal operational period 6
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Sensory Motor Period 1. Child at birth has little mental structure 2. Task is to develop differentiations (e.g., me/not me, past / future) and basic schemas 3. Major accomplishment: a. object permanence: learning that an object only exists even if the child cannot sense it i. based on acquiring mental representations 7
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Preoperational Period 1. schemas exist but can’t be organized in a coherent logical way a. misconceptions of the world: i. inanimate objects are alive ii. everything is causal iii. fooled by appearances iv. can’t tell real from imagined 2. Task: impose structure on representations 8
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3. Major accomplishments a. conservation: understanding that an object can retain some property under a variety of transformations i. must learn a. focus on operations, not results b. that transformations are
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Development - Development Psychology: studies how people...

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