Treatment - Treatment Psychopharmology the use of...

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Treatment Psychopharmology: the use of psychotropic medications ( drugs that act on the brain to effect mental processes) to treat psychological disorders and problems 1. Anti-psychotic (neuroleptic) Medications a. used to treat schizophrenia and other acute psychotic states b. reduces symptoms but does not cure the disorder c. new ones: atypical antipsychotics i. reduces alleviates both + and - symptoms of schizophrenia ii. effects dopamine and other neurotransmitters d. few side effects e. more effective if administered soon after the first episode 1
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2. Antidepressants 1. primarily for treatment of depression a. SSRIs are also used for anxiety disorders 2. several classes of these drugs a. tricyclics b. MAO inhibitors c. SSRIs (selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors) i. can cause loss of interest in sex ii. can become suddenly ineffective d. SNRIs (serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors) e. St John’s Wart 2
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3. When antidepressants are used to treat bipolar, lithium is often used for the mania a. if lithium is ineffective, mood stabilizers such as depakote are used b. antiseizure medications are also used 4. Anti-anxiety medications a. usually treated with SSRIs b. short-term treatment sometimes with benzodiazepines i. can cause tolerance and addiction 3
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Electroconvulsive shock therapy (ECT) 1. more effective in relieving depression than drugs a. effective for patients for whom drugs are not effective 2. side effects a. loss of memory of events prior to treatment b. impaired memory for several months 4
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Psychotherapy: refers to all forms of psychological based therapy 1. major categories a. psychodynamic b. humanist c. behaviorist 5
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1. Types: a. psychoanalysis i. long-term (3-5 times a week for about 5 years) ii. patient lies on couch with analyst behind him iii. looks for personality change b. psychodynamic psychotherapy i. shorter term: once or twice a week for 6 months to 2 years a. patients who 2X a week benefit more ii. face-to-face, more conversational iii. looks especially at changing repetitive interpersonal patterns or
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas.

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Treatment - Treatment Psychopharmology the use of...

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